free will defence
- Probably the most popular attempt to reconcile the existence of evil with the goodness of God (see evil, problem of ; theodicy ). The defence is that evils are entirely due to the bad, free, choices made by human beings (and perhaps other fallen beings, including in some versions fallen angels). It was good of God to create free beings, but bad of them to misuse their freedom. So the good God is not responsible for the evils of the world, and we cannot use the evils of the world as an objection to belief in Him. Although popular, the defence faces many obstacles: it apparently requires a libertarian (metaphysical) account of free will ; it either ignores the obvious fact that most of the ills that afflict the human world, such as disease, pain, and starvation, are not of our own creation, or it implausibly and arbitrarily assigns them to supernatural bad beings, such as fallen angels; but most fundamentally it needs to discount the logical possibility of God creating free beings who would use their freedom always to choose the good, as some of us manage to do some of the time. It must also reject the possibility of a God who, when free agents he has created choose evil, kindly insulates the rest of us from the would-be evil-doers by isolating them in some kind of playpen.
Philosophy dictionary. Academic. 2011.
Look at other dictionaries:
free-will defence — see defence, free will … Christian Philosophy
defence, free-will — The free will defence is a response to the problem of evil, originally due to Augustine, that appeals to the free will (understood according to libertarianism) of God s creatures. Alvin Plantinga developed a rigorous version of the free will… … Christian Philosophy
defence, greater-good — This approach to the problem of evil, classically expounded by Irenaeus, points out that God might have an overriding reason to allow limited evil in the world, namely, the goal of achieving an overall greater good than would otherwise exist.… … Christian Philosophy
Defence Research and Development Organisation — Sanskrit: बलस्य मूलं विज्ञानम् Strength s Origin is in Science  Agency overvi … Wikipedia
Defence Scheme No. 2 — was a Canadian military strategy developed after World War I outlining the Canadian response in the event of a war between the United States of America and Japan. The primary concern of this strategy was remaining neutral in any conflict between… … Wikipedia
Free Thai Movement — The Free Thai Movement ( th. ขบวนการเสรีไทย, Khabuankarn Seri Thai) was an underground resistance movement against Japan during World War II. The movement was one of the important sources to the Allies for military intelligence in this region.… … Wikipedia
Will-o'-the-wisps in popular culture — The will o the wisp has made appearances in many guises across many genres and forms of artistic expression.LiteratureSamuel Taylor Coleridge s poem The Rime of the Ancient Mariner describes the Will o the wisp. The poem was first published in… … Wikipedia
Free England Party — Articleissues unreferenced=March 2008 peacock=March 2008 wikify=March 2008 orphan=March 2008 POV=March 2008The Free England Party is an English Nationalist political party, committed to the formation of a devolved English Parliament, English… … Wikipedia
Will Hoy — BTCC alumnus Name =Will Hoy Nationality = flagicon|ENG Team = Ford, BMW, Toyota, Renault, Arena, VLR Championships = 1 Wins = 9 Podiums = Poles = Fastest laps = First year = 1989 First win = 1991 Best position = 1st (1991) Last season = 2000 Last … Wikipedia
Will Antwi — Football player infobox playername = Will Antwi fullname = William Kwabena Antwi Agyei height = height|meters=1.88 dateofbirth = birth date and age|1982|10|19 cityofbirth = Ashford countryofbirth = England currentclub = Wycombe Wanderers… … Wikipedia