forms of argument

forms of argument
Two arguments may be of the same form although their components concern different things. ‘All men are mortal, Socrates is a man, so Socrates is mortal’ has the same form as ‘All dogs are greedy, Sandy is a dog, so Sandy is greedy.’ Logic is the science of isolating these forms, and systematizing the ones that are valid and the ones that are not.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • argument — To argue is to produce considerations designed to support a conclusion. An argument is either the process of doing this (in which sense an argument may be heated or protracted) or the product, i.e. the set of propositions adduced (the premises),… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Argument form — In logic, the argument form or test form of an argument results from replacing the different words, or sentences, that make up the argument with letters, along the lines of algebra; the letters represent logical variables . The sentence forms… …   Wikipedia

  • Argument — This article is about the subject as it is studied in logic and philosophy. For other uses, see Argument (disambiguation). In philosophy and logic, an argument is an attempt to persuade someone of something, by giving reasons or evidence for… …   Wikipedia

  • Argument from morality — The argument from morality is one of many arguments for the existence of God. It comes in different forms, all aiming to support the claim that God exists with observations about morality. Its counterpoint is generally the Problem of evil.… …   Wikipedia

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  • Argument from love — The Argument from love is an argument for the existence of God, as against materialism and reductionist forms of physicalism.Outline of argumentThe deep relationship of theism in general, and Christianity in particular, and love goes back to the… …   Wikipedia

  • argument */*/*/ — UK [ˈɑː(r)ɡjʊmənt] / US [ˈɑrɡjəmənt] noun Word forms argument : singular argument plural arguments Metaphor: An argument is like a fight or war, with people attacking each other s opinions and defending their own. She tried to defend herself… …   English dictionary

  • Argument from consciousness — The argument from consciousness is an argument for the existence of God based on consciousness.Philosophical summary of the argumentThe argument may be stated in inductive or deductive form [Both these are following J. P Moreland The Argument… …   Wikipedia

  • argument, cosmological —    The cosmological argument argues for the existence of God from the starting point of the existence of the cosmos (or, in van Inwagen s formulation, the possibility of the existence of the cosmos). The argument typically proceeds by way of the… …   Christian Philosophy

  • forms — The theory of forms is probably the most characteristic, and most contested of the doctrines of Plato . In the background lie the Pythagorean conception of form as the key to physical nature, but also the sceptical doctrine associated with… …   Philosophy dictionary

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