first cause argument
- One of the classic arguments for the existence of God. Every event in the natural world has a preceding cause. But this opens up a regress of causes stretching back forever in time. To stop the regress we must postulate a first cause, and this will be the creative action of God. Russell supposed that the argument is uniquely bad, in that the conclusion (that there is a first cause) actually contradicts the premise (that every event has a preceding cause). To avoid his complaint a proponent of the argument must distinguish between natural events and unnatural or supernatural events. The former all require causes, but the latter may be their own cause. God is causa sui . The difficulty then lies in seeing why the natural world should not be causa sui . The argument inherits the problems of the cosmological argument, of which it is a variant.
Philosophy dictionary. Academic. 2011.
Look at other dictionaries:
first-cause argument — /ferrst kawz /, Philos. an argument for the existence of God, asserting the necessity of an uncaused cause of all subsequent series of causes, on the assumption that an infinite regress is impossible. Cf. cosmological argument. * * * … Universalium
first-cause argument — /ferrst kawz /, Philos. an argument for the existence of God, asserting the necessity of an uncaused cause of all subsequent series of causes, on the assumption that an infinite regress is impossible. Cf. cosmological argument … Useful english dictionary
First Cause — Theol. God. [1895 1900] * * * In philosophy, the uncreated or self created cause to which every series of causes must ultimately be traced. Used by ancient Greek thinkers, the concept was adopted by the Christian tradition and became the basis of … Universalium
Cause — • Cause, as the correlative of effect, is understood as being that which in any way gives existence to, or contributes towards the existence of, any thing; which produces a result; to which the origin of any thing is to be ascribed Catholic… … Catholic encyclopedia
First Amendment to the United States Constitution — First Amendment redirects here. For other uses, see First Amendment (disambiguation). United States of America This a … Wikipedia
First Council of Nicaea — Date 325 AD Accepted by Anglicans Assyrian Church of the East Calvinists Eastern Orthodox Lutherans Old Catholics Oriental Orthodox Roman Catholics Previous council None Next coun … Wikipedia
First-mover advantage — is the advantage gained by the initial occupant of a market segment. This advantage may stem from the fact that the first entrant can gain control of resources that followers may not be able to match.cite book |last=Grant |first=Robert M.… … Wikipedia
Argument — This article is about the subject as it is studied in logic and philosophy. For other uses, see Argument (disambiguation). In philosophy and logic, an argument is an attempt to persuade someone of something, by giving reasons or evidence for… … Wikipedia
Argument from free will — The argument from free will contends that omniscience and free will are incompatible, and that any conception of God that incorporates both properties is therefore inherently contradictory. The Argument From Free Will (AFFW), is traditionally… … Wikipedia
First Vision — The First Vision (also called the grove experience) is a religious belief held by many members of the Latter Day Saint movement (commonly called Mormonism) that God the Father and Jesus Christ appeared to the fourteen year old Joseph Smith, Jr.… … Wikipedia