evolutionary ethics

evolutionary ethics
In the 19th century, the attempt to base ethical reasoning on the presumed facts about evolution. The movement is particularly associated with Spencer . The premise is that later elements in an evolutionary path are better than earlier ones; the application of this principle then requires seeing western society, laissez-faire capitalism, or some other object of approval, as more evolved than more ‘primitive’ social forms. Neither the principle nor the applications command much respect. The version of evolutionary ethics called ‘social Darwinism ’ emphasizes the struggle for natural selection, and draws the conclusion that we should glorify and assist such struggle, usually by enhancing competitive and aggressive relations between people in society, or between societies themselves. More recently the relation between evolution and ethics has been re-thought in the light of biological discoveries concerning altruism and kin-selection. See also sociobiology.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Evolutionary ethics — concerns approaches to ethics (morality) based on the role of evolution in shaping human psychology and behavior. Such approaches may be based in scientific fields such as evolutionary psychology or sociobiology, with a focus on understanding and …   Wikipedia

  • evolutionary ethics — noun Ethicsthe study of principles relating to right and wrong conductthat is informed yet not uniquely determined by sociobiologythe application of the principles of evolutionary biology to the study of social behaviour in both humans and… …   Wiktionary

  • Ethics — For other uses, see Ethics (disambiguation). Philosophy …   Wikipedia

  • Ethics in religion — Most religions have an ethical component, often derived from purported supernatural revelation or guidance. For many people, ethics is not only tied up with religion, but is completely settled by it. Such people do not need to think too much… …   Wikipedia

  • Evolutionary game theory — (EGT) is the application of interaction dependent strategy drift in populations to game theory. It originated in 1973 with John Maynard Smith and George R. Price s formalization of evolutionary stable strategies as an application of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Evolutionary guidance media — (EGM) is an emergent discipline offering a paradigm for the design of conscious media, green media, socially responsible media, and transformative media, arising from the convergence of ideas derived primarily from the fields of systems science,… …   Wikipedia

  • ethics — /eth iks/, n.pl. 1. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) a system of moral principles: the ethics of a culture. 2. the rules of conduct recognized in respect to a particular class of human actions or a particular group, culture, etc.: medical ethics;… …   Universalium

  • Evolutionary psychology controversy — Articleissues POV = June 2008 refimprove = June 2008 unbalanced = June 2008The purpose of this article is to outline the various scientific, political and philosophical criticisms of that have been leveled against evolutionary psychology , as… …   Wikipedia

  • Criticism of evolutionary psychology — From its beginning, evolutionary psychology (EP) has generated substantial controversy and criticism.[1] Criticisms include 1) disputes about the testability of evolutionary hypotheses, 2) alternatives to some of the cognitive assumptions (such… …   Wikipedia

  • Secular ethics — is a branch of moral philosophy in which ethics is based solely on human faculties such as logic, reason or moral intuition, and not derived from purported supernatural revelation or guidance (which is the source of religious ethics). Secular… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.