- Erasmus, Desiderius
- (c. 1466/9–1536)One of the earliest and greatest humanists of the Northern Renaissance. Erasmus was educated in Holland, possibly at Deventer, and entered the Augustinian priory of Steyn, near Gouda, in 1487. He was ordained in 1492. For a short while he studied theology in Paris. Travel to England in 1499 put him in touch with Thomas More and other humanists. Living the life of a travelling scholar, Erasmus published collections of classical proverbs, his In Praise of Folly in 1509, and in 1516 a new and more accurate Greek edition of the New Testament. Although his satires upon religious practice and the complexities of scholastic theology, together with his preference for the early, simpler, beliefs of the Church, made him an inspiration for the new movement of reform, Erasmus had little confidence that the unaided powers of men were capable of forging new utopias. He withdrew from the political arena, and in 1524 broke with Luther, in his work De Libero Arbitrio (‘On Free Will’). The moderation, and moderate scepticism, of Erasmus had no place in the increasingly divisive splits within the Church, but his classical learning and attitudes were widely influential in the centuries following. He died in Basel, preparing to return to the Netherlands.
Philosophy dictionary. Academic. 2011.
Look at other dictionaries:
ERASMUS Desiderius — Roterodamus, eruditione, et scriptis celeberrimus. Natus est A. C. 1467. patre Gerardo, Goudano, ex Margareta, Medici cuiusdam filia. Studia sub Alexand. Hegio, Daventriae, feliciter ursit, memoriâ tam invictâ, ut Terentium Horatiumqueve totum… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Erasmus, Desiderius — • Article by Joseph Sauer. An extensive overview of the life, works and impact of this scholar Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Erasmus, Desiderius — born Oct. 27, 1469, Rotterdam, Holland died July 12, 1536, Basel, Switz. Dutch priest and humanist, considered the greatest European scholar of the 16th century. The illegitimate son of a priest and a physician s daughter, he entered a monastery… … Universalium
ERASMUS, Desiderius — (1467 1536) Dutch scholar, writer, and humanist Desiderius Erasmus was the greatest classicist of the Renaissance in northern Europe. Living amid violent social, economic, and religious upheavals, Erasmus responded to these controversies with… … Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary
Erasmus, Desiderius — (ca. 1467 1536) The most famous Northern European humanist, probably the greatest classical, biblical, and patristic scholar of the early 16th century, also important for his sharp criticism of religious corruption and for his efforts to bring … Historical Dictionary of Renaissance
Erasmus, Desiderius — (1466 1536) humanist philosopher and supporter of moderate reform one of the most respected philosophers and scholars of his era and the greatest exponent of humanism, Erasmus helped refine some of the ideas and approaches that led to the… … Encyclopedia of Protestantism
Erasmus, Desiderius — (c. 1469–1536) Theologian. Erasmus was the illegitimate son of the Dutch priest Rogerius Gerardus. In 1486 he joined an order of Augustinian Canons at Steyn, near Gouda, and in 1492 he was ordained as a priest. He became secretary to the… … Who’s Who in Christianity
Erasmus,Desiderius — E·ras·mus (ĭ răzʹməs), Desiderius. 1466? 1536. Dutch Renaissance scholar and Roman Catholic theologian who sought to revive classical texts from antiquity, restore simple Christian faith based on Scripture, and eradicate the improprieties of the… … Universalium
Erasmus, Desiderius — See Renaissance philosophy outside Italy … History of philosophy
ERASMUS, DESIDERIUS — a famous scholar and man of letters, born at Rotterdam; illegitimate son of one Gerhard; conceived a disgust for monkish life during six years residence in a monastery at Steyn; wandered through Europe and amassed stores of learning at various … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia