- (1879–1955)German physicist and discoverer of the theory of relativity . Born in Ulm, Einstein received his scientific education in Zurich. After an undistinguished career as a student he found employment in the Patent Office in Bern, and it was from here that in 1905 he published the papers that laid the foundation of his reputation, on the photo-electric effect, on Brownian motion, and on the special theory of relativity. In 1916 he published the general theory. In 1933 Einstein accepted the position at the Princeton Institute for Advanced Studies which he occupied for the rest of his life. Einstein maintained profound philosophical interests, and frequently emphasized the importance to his work of the philosophical thought of his predecessors, especially Hume and Mach . In his later years his reflections on the nature of the world as it is described by quantum mechanics occasioned prolonged discussion with the Danish physicist Neils Bohr (1885–1962). Einstein's conviction that quantum mechanics could not possibly be the last word about the nature of physical reality was frequently felt to be conservative, but the project that occupied him, the search for a field theory that would unify the four fundamental physical forces, has recently sprung back into prominence. Einstein's belief that fundamental physics should concern the ‘marble’ of space, time, and geometry, rather than the ‘wood’ of arbitrary proliferations of particles, is again congenial to many physicists.
Philosophy dictionary. Academic. 2011.
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EINSTEIN, ALBERT — (1879–1955), physicist, discoverer of the theory of relativity, and Nobel Prize winner. Born in the German town of Ulm, son of the proprietor of a small electrochemical business, Einstein spent his early youth in Munich. He detested the military… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Einstein, Albert — born March 14, 1879, Ulm, Württemberg, Ger. died April 18, 1955, Princeton, N.J., U.S. German Swiss U.S. scientist. Born to a Jewish family in Germany, he grew up in Munich, and his family moved to Switzerland in 1894. He became a junior examiner … Universalium
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Einstein, Albert — (1879 1955) Born in Ulm, Germany, and educated in Munich and Zurich, Switzerland, Albert Einstein developed the theory of relativity published in a series of articles in the Annals of Physics in 1905. This was the most revolutionary… … Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era
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Einstein, Albert — (1879 AD 1955 AD) A German born American mathematician and physicist who created the general and special theories of relativity. The general theory sees space and time as one object, not two separate ones. He also hypothesized the particle… … The writer's dictionary of science fiction, fantasy, horror and mythology
Einstein,Albert — Ein·stein (īnʹstīn ), Albert. 1879 1955. German born American theoretical physicist whose special and general theories of relativity revolutionized modern thought on the nature of space and time and formed a theoretical base for the exploitation… … Universalium