Dworkin, Ronald

(1931– )
American philosopher of law. Born in Worcester, Massachusetts, Dworkin was educated at Harvard and Oxford. He has been professor of jurisprudence at Oxford since 1969, and at New York university since 1975. He is known for his defence of ‘legal realism’, here meaning the integral place that moral and pragmatic considerations play in legal decision-making, in opposition to what he sees as their exclusion by legal positivism (see law, philosophy of ). A liberal and a Democrat, Dworkin bases constitutional rights on a fundamental right of all people to equal concern and respect; applications of this include defences of reverse discrimination (this may be tough on those who are denied schools or jobs because of such policies, but the ‘right to be treated as an equal’ need not imply a right to equal treatment). On the other hand, Dworkin defends other freedoms, such as the right to produce and consume pornography, against the objection that its existence displays lack of equal concern and respect for women. His books include Taking Rights Seriously (1977), A Matter of Principle (1985), Law's Empire (1986), and Life's Dominion: An Argument about Abortion, Euthanasia, and Individual Freedom (1993).

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • DWORKIN, RONALD — (1931– ), U.S. legal philosopher. Born in Worcester, Massachusetts, Dworkin received a B.A. degree from Harvard in 1953 and another B.A. degree in 1955 from Oxford. Two years later he received his law degree from Harvard. After admission to the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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  • Ronald Dworkin — (2008) Ronald M. Dworkin (* 11. Dezember 1931 in Worcester, Massachusetts, USA) ist ein Philosoph, der in erster Linie durch seine Beiträge zur Rechtsphilosophie, politischen Philosophie und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Dworkin — ist der Nachname mehrerer Personen: Andrea Dworkin (1946–2005), US amerikanische Feministin und Soziologin David Dworkin (* 1934), US amerikanischer Klarinettist und Pädagoge Gerald Dworkin (* 1937) US Philosoph Ronald Dworkin (* 1931), US… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dworkin —   [ dwɔːkɪn], Ronald Myles, amerikanischer Rechtsphilosoph, * Worcester (Massachusetts) 11. 12. 1931; 1969 98 Professor in Oxford, seit 1975 auch an der New York University. Seine liberale Rechtstheorie geht von der fundamentalen Gleichheit der… …   Universal-Lexikon

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