double effect, principle of
- A principle attempting to define when an action that has both good and bad results is morally permissible. In one formulation such an action is permissible if (i) the action is not wrong in itself, (ii) the bad consequence is not that which is intended, (iii) the good is not itself a result of the bad consequence, and (iv) the two consequences are commensurate. Thus, for instance, I might justifiably bomb an enemy factory, foreseeing but not intending the death of nearby civilians, whereas bombing the civilians intentionally would be disallowed. The principle has its roots in Thomist moral philosophy (see Aquinas ). Its applications include the problem of removing (thereby killing) a life-threatening foetus. All the clauses of the definition are highly controversial, but the second especially gives rise to deep problems about the relation between action, consequence, and intention.
Philosophy dictionary. Academic. 2011.
Look at other dictionaries:
double effect — double effect, principle of … Philosophy dictionary
Principle of double effect — Part of a series on St. Thomas Aquinas … Wikipedia
Double jeopardy — For other uses, see Double jeopardy (disambiguation). Criminal procedure … Wikipedia
Double acting ship — MT Tempera, the first double acting tanker, breaking ice astern Double acting ship (DAS) is a type of icebreaking merchant ship designed to run ahead in open water and astern (in layman s terms, backwards) in ice. Such ships can operate… … Wikipedia
Double burden — is a term describing the workload of men and women who work to earn money, but also have responsibility for unpaid, domestic labor. According to studies done dealing with a stressful environment chronically, such as a stressful job or… … Wikipedia
Double-slit experiment — Slit experiment redirects here. For other uses, see Diffraction. Quantum mechanics … Wikipedia
Double reed — A double reed is a type of reed used to produce sound in various wind instruments. The term double reed comes from the fact that there are two pieces of cane vibrating against each other. A single reed consists of one piece of cane which vibrates … Wikipedia
Observer effect (physics) — For other uses, see Observer effect. In physics, the term observer effect refers to changes that the act of observation will make on the phenomenon being observed. This is often the result of instruments that, by necessity, alter the state of… … Wikipedia
Lotus effect — The leaves of the sacred lotus flower (Nelumbo) are characterized by a very high water repellency (superhydrophobicity)cite journal | author = Lafuma, A. | coauthor = Quere, D. | year = 2003 | title = Superhydrophobic states | journal = Nature… … Wikipedia
Photon dynamics in the double-slit experiment — The dynamics of photons in the double slit experiment describes the relationship between classical electromagnetic waves and photons, the quantum counterpart of classical electromagnetic waves, in the context of the double slit experiment. The… … Wikipedia