de re/de dicto


de re/de dicto
(Lat., of a thing/of a statement) A contrast between two ways of interpreting sentences that may, or may not, be about a particular thing. Quine's example is ‘I want a sloop’, which may mean that there is a particular sloop I want, or which on the other hand may be true although I have no particular sloop in mind, when it just signals the desire for ‘relief from slooplessness'. The contrast can be given in the predicate calculus as that between: (∃x )(x is a sloop & I want to own x ) and ‘I want it that: (∃x )(x is a sloop & I own x )’. The former can only be true if I am related to a specific thing, whereas the latter apparently relates me only to a statement, which I wish would become true but which could be made true by different things. Many contexts invite this ambiguity: ‘Jane said that the smallest girl in the class was taller than one of the others’ would impute a contradiction to Jane taken de dicto, but leaves her rationality unchallenged taken de re . Russell's example was the conversation: ‘I expected the ship to be longer than it is’; ‘No, it is just as long as it is.’

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • De dicto et de re — sont deux locutions distinguant deux modalités importantes des énoncés, ainsi que les raisonnements qui s ensuivent. Ces distinctions relèvent de la logique, de la rhétorique, de la linguistique et de la métaphysique. La traduction littérale de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • De dicto and de re — are two phrases used to mark important distinctions in intensional statements, associated with the intensional operators in many such statements. The distinctions are most recognized in philosophy of language and metaphysics. The literal… …   Wikipedia

  • A dicto simpliciter — (Latin: from a maxim without qualification , meaning from a universal rule ) or ad dictum simpliciter (Latin: to a maxim without qualification , meaning to a universal rule ) are Latin phrases for a type of logical fallacy. A dicto simpliciter… …   Wikipedia

  • De dicto — Mit den Bezeichnungen de dicto und de re (lat. „über das Gesagte“ und „über die Sache“) beschreibt man in der Logik und Sprachphilosophie einen Bedeutungsunterschied bei intensionalen Operatoren wie den Modalbegriffen möglich und notwendig. Im… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • De re - De dicto — Mit den Bezeichnungen de dicto und de re (lat. „über das Gesagte“ und „über die Sache“) beschreibt man in der Logik und Sprachphilosophie einen Bedeutungsunterschied bei intensionalen Operatoren wie den Modalbegriffen möglich und notwendig. Im… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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