Darwin, Charles Robert

Darwin, Charles Robert
English naturalist. Darwin was born in Shrewsbury and studied medicine at Edinburgh, then Cambridge. His naturalistic observations came to maturity on the famous voyage of the Beagle (1831–6). During the subsequent twenty years Darwin consolidated his scientific reputation while living the life of a country gentleman of scientific interests, breeding and observing domestic animals, especially pigeons, and working out the details of the theory of evolution. It was only in 1858 that, prodded by reading the essay On the Tendency of Varieties to Depart Indefinitely from the Original Type sent to him by Alfred Russell Wallace (1823–1913), he prepared a joint paper with Wallace, to be read to the Linnaean Society. The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection followed in 1859. Darwin's work is the foundation of modern biology. In itself it affords a rich field not only for philosophers of science interested, for example, in the relationship between theory and observation, or in the place of falsification in science, but also to those interested in the sociology of paradigms, and the various factors that affect the climate of ideas. Darwin's other claim to philosophical attention arises from The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals (1872).

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Darwin,Charles Robert — Darwin, Charles Robert. 1809 1882. British naturalist who revolutionized the study of biology with his theory of evolution based on natural selection. His most famous works include Origin of Species (1859) and The Descent of Man (1871).  … …   Universalium

  • Darwin , Charles Robert — (1809–1882) British naturalist Darwin, who was born in Shrewsbury, began his university education by studying medicine at Edinburgh (1825), but finding he had no taste for the subject he entered Cambridge University to prepare for the Church. At… …   Scientists

  • Darwin, Charles Robert — (1809–82)    Scientist.    Darwin was educated at the University of Cambridge. In 1859 he published his Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection. In this he argued that the earth’s species were not created in their present form, but had… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Darwin, Charles (Robert) — born Feb. 12, 1809, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, Eng. died April 19, 1882, Downe, Kent British naturalist. The grandson of Erasmus Darwin and Josiah Wedgwood, he studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh and biology at Cambridge. He was… …   Universalium

  • Darwin, Charles (Robert) — (12 feb. 1809, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, Inglaterra–19 abr. 1882, Downe, Kent). Naturalista británico. Nieto de Erasmus Darwin y Josiah Wedgwood, estudió medicina en la Universidad de Edimburgo y biología en Cambridge. Fue recomendado para… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • DARWIN, CHARLES ROBERT —    great English naturalist and biologist, born at Shrewsbury, grandson of Erasmus Darwin on his father s side, and of Josiah Wedgwood on his mother s; studied at Edinburgh and Cambridge; in 1831 accompanied as naturalist without salary the… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Darwin, Charles Robert — (1809 1882)    Naturalist, s. of a physician, and grandson of Dr. Erasmus D. (q.v.), and of Josiah Wedgwood, the famous potter, was b. and was at school at Shrewsbury. In 1825 he went to Edin. to study medicine, but was more taken up with marine… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Darwin, Charles Robert — ► (1809 82) Naturalista británico. Formuló la teoría de la evolución de las especies. Obras: El origen de las especies por medio de la selección natural y La descendencia humana y la selección sexual, entre otras …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Charles Robert Darwin — Darwin im Alter von 51 Jahren, als er seine Evolutionstheorie veröffentlichte Charles Robert Darwin (* 12. Februar 1809 in Shrewsbury; † 19. April 1882 in Downe) war ein britischer Naturforscher. Er gilt wegen seiner we …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles Robert Darwin — Charles Darwin « Darwin » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Darwin (homonymie). Charles Darwin …   Wikipédia en Français

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