Cumberland, Richard

A Cambridge figure and staunch Protestant, who is reported to have fallen into a dangerous fever when James II attempted to reintroduce Roman Catholicism into England. Cumberland's philosophical reputation, however, rests upon De Legibus Naturae (‘Of the Laws of Nature’, 1672), which was the first significant attempt to refute Hobbes's view of law as founded upon nothing more than the will of the sovereign. Cumberland's work is unsystematic and diffuse, but influenced subsequent rationalists such as Clarke, and also contains anticipations of utilitarianism.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • CUMBERLAND, RICHARD° — (1732–1811), English playwright and novelist who tried to reverse the image of the Jew created by Shakespeare in The Merchant of Venice. Educated at Cambridge, Cumberland began writing plays around 1759. His first stage Jew was Naphtali in The… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Cumberland, Richard — ▪ British bishop and philosopher born July 15, 1631, London, Eng. died Oct. 9, 1718, Peterborough, Cambridgeshire  English theologian, Anglican bishop, and philosopher of ethics.       In 1658 Cumberland left the study of medicine at the… …   Universalium

  • CUMBERLAND, RICHARD —    dramatist, great grandson of the preceding; was a prolific writer for the stage; the play The West Indian, which established his reputation, was his best (1732 1811) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Cumberland, Richard — (1732 1811)    English dramatist.    Index: Hd Asked to select books for the Quebec library, 191.    Bib.: Dict. Nat. Biog …   The makers of Canada

  • Cumberland, Richard — (1732 1811)    Novelist and dramatist, ed. at Westminster and Camb., entered the diplomatic service, and filled several government appointments. His best play is The West Indian. His novels do not rise much above mediocrity. Along with Sir J.B.… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Richard Cumberland (dramatist) — Richard Cumberland Born 19 February 1732(1732 02 19) Master s lodge, Trinity College, Cambridge, England Died 7 May 1811(1811 05 07) (aged 79) L …   Wikipedia

  • Richard Cumberland (philosopher) — Richard Cumberland, engraving by John Smith after Thomas Murray. Richard Cumberland (July 15, 1631 – October 9, 1718) was an English philosopher, and bishop of Peterborough from 1691. In 1672, he published his major work, De legibus naturae (On… …   Wikipedia

  • Richard cumberland (auteur dramatique) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Richard Cumberland. Richard Cumberland …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Richard cumberland (philosophe) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Richard Cumberland. Richard Cumberland Richard Cumberland (1631– …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cumberland, Rhode Island —   Town   Cumberland Town Hall Motto: Great History. Bright Future …   Wikipedia

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