convention T


convention T
Convention or principle laid down by Tarski as a ‘material adequacy condition’ governing the enterprise of giving a definition of the truth-predicate for a language. A theory satisfies the requirement only if every instance of the schema ‘S is true if and only if p ’ is derivable within it. Here S is a description of a sentence of the object language, and p is its translation into the metalanguage . The leading idea is that our characterization of the language will be incomplete unless we can derive such a biconditional for any sentence that the object language can frame. If we were left unable to say under what conditions some sentence would be true, we would not have a full account of the ways the object language can put together sentences. Tarski expresses this by saying that we would not have an adequate definition of the truth-predicate for the language. He believed that because of the semantic paradoxes no language can define its own truth-predicate. To fully describe the semantics of a language therefore means ascending to a higher language, or metalanguage, containing terms not expressible in the original language on pain of contradiction. Convention T became centrally important to philosophers working on Davidson's programme of giving a semantically sound description of natural languages. It remains controversial just how legitimate this appropriation of Tarski's ideas is: the shift in focus that has worried certain philosophers is sometimes put by saying that whereas Tarski took translation for granted, and sought to understand truth, Davidson takes truth for granted, and seeks to understand translation.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • convention — [ kɔ̃vɑ̃sjɔ̃ ] n. f. • av. 1350; convencion 1268; lat. conventio, de venire « venir » I ♦ 1 ♦ Dr. Accord de deux ou plusieurs personnes portant sur un fait précis. ⇒ arrangement, compromis, contrat, engagement, entente, marché, pacte, traité.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • convention — con‧ven‧tion [kənˈvenʆn] noun 1. [countable, uncountable] behaviour and attitudes that most people in a society believe to be normal and right 2. [countable] a formal agreement, especially between countries, about rules for an activity such as… …   Financial and business terms

  • Convention — Con*ven tion, n. [L. conventio: cf. F. convention. See {Convene}, v. i.] 1. The act of coming together; the state of being together; union; coalition. [1913 Webster] The conventions or associations of several particles of matter into bodies of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Convention — may refer to: Treaty, an agreement in international law Convention (meeting), a large gathering of people who share a common interest Political convention, a formal gathering of people for political purposes Fan convention, a gathering of fans of …   Wikipedia

  • convention — con·ven·tion n 1: an agreement between nations for regulation of matters affecting all of them 2: an agreement enforceable in law: contract 3: an assembly of persons met for a common purpose; esp: a meeting of the delegates of a political party… …   Law dictionary

  • convention — CONVENTION. subs. f. Accord, pacte, que deux ou plusieurs personnes font ensemble. Convention tacite, expresse, verbale, par écrit. Ils ont fait une convention entre eux, que celui.... La convention étoit que .... Je tiens la convention. Je m en… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • convention — Convention. s. f. Accord, pacte, que deux ou plusieurs personnes font ensemble. Convention tacite, expresse, verbale, par escrit. ils ont fait une convention entre eux que celuy &c. la convention estoit que &c. je me tiens à la convention. On dit …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • convention — [kən ven′shən] n. [ME convencioun < L conventio < pp. of convenire,CONVENE] 1. Rare a convening or being convened 2. a) an assembly, often periodical, of members or delegates, as of a political, social, professional, or religious group b)… …   English World dictionary

  • convention — [n1] conference assemblage, assembly, clambake, confab*, congress, convocation, council, delegates, delegation, get together, meet*, meeting, members, powwow*, rally, representatives, show; concepts 114,324,417 convention [n2] practice, tradition …   New thesaurus

  • convention — (n.) early 15c., agreement, from M.Fr. convention and directly from L. conventionem (nom. conventio) meeting, assembly, covenant, from convent , pp. stem of convenire (see CONVENE (Cf. convene)) …   Etymology dictionary


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