- (ethics) Formalism is the doctrine that morality should be structured by a set of abstract principles of a high degree of generality: that morality should aspire to be a kind of geometry of rights, duties, and goods. Opposition to this view maintains that the primary focus of ethics is the concrete situation, so that ethical judgement is not the application of general rules, but is akin to aesthetic judgement in demanding attention to the details of the individual case, and in delivering verdicts that cannot be ratified by the mechanical application of antecedent rules, nor automatically extended to new cases. An extreme version of formalism is represented by Kant, and contextualism by a number of philosophers including Aristotle (see phronēsis ), Aquinas, and Hegel (see Sittlichkeit ). Contextual judgement is represented as demanding virtues, sympathies, appreciations, and perhaps intuition and tact. Feminism has tended to embrace the contextualist wing of this debate, applauding intuitive, tactful sympathy with individual cases as opposed to the abstraction and rule-worship supposed to characterize male practical reasoning. See also casuistry, situation ethics.
Philosophy dictionary. Academic. 2011.
Look at other dictionaries:
Art history — is the academic study of objects of art in their historical development and stylistic contexts, i.e. genre, design, format, and look. [ [http://wordnet.princeton.edu/perl/webwn?s=art%20history Art History] . WordNet Search 3.0, princeton.edu]… … Wikipedia
Glossary of philosophical isms — This is a list of topics relating to philosophy that end in ism . compactTOC NOTOC A * Absolutism – the position that in a particular domain of thought, all statements in that domain are either absolutely true or absolutely false: none is true… … Wikipedia
Philosophical analysis — (from Greek: Φιλοσοφική ανάλυση) is a general term for techniques typically used by philosophers in the analytic tradition that involve breaking down (i.e. analyzing) philosophical issues. Arguably the most prominent of these techniques is the… … Wikipedia
Postmodern architecture — was an international style whose first examples are generally cited as being from the 1950s, and which continues to influence present day architecture. Postmodernity in architecture is generally thought to be heralded by the return of wit,… … Wikipedia
Empiricism — John Locke, a leading philosopher of British empiricism This article is about the field of philosophy. For the album by Borknagar, see Empiricism (album). Empiricism is a theory of knowledge that asserts that knowledge comes only or primarily via … Wikipedia
Immanuel Kant — Kant redirects here. For other uses, see Kant (disambiguation). See also: Kant (surname) Immanuel Kant Immanuel Kant Full name Immanuel Kant Born 22 April 1724 … Wikipedia
Truth — For other uses, see Truth (disambiguation). Time Saving Truth from Falsehood and Envy, François Lemoyne, 1737 Truth has a variety of meanings, such as the state of being in accord with fact or reality … Wikipedia
New Historicism — is a school of literary theory, grounded in critical theory, that developed in the 1980s, primarily through the work of the critic Stephen Greenblatt, and gained widespread influence in the 1990s. New Historicists aim simultaneously to… … Wikipedia
Aristotle — For other uses, see Aristotle (disambiguation). Ἀριστοτέλης, Aristotélēs Marble bust of Aristotle. Roman copy after a Gree … Wikipedia
Ludwig Wittgenstein — Wittgenstein redirects here. For other uses, see Wittgenstein (disambiguation). Ludwig Wittgenstein Photographed by Ben Richards Swansea, Wales, 1947 Born 26 April 1889 … Wikipedia