Condorcet, Marquis de

(1743–1794)
French mathematician and social theorist. Condorcet was educated by Jesuits, and became the permanent Secretary of the Académie des Sciences, for which he was qualified by his mathematical writings, in 1776. The eulogies (Éloges ) for dead members that he composed are quintessential documents of the French Enlightenment . Condorcet believed in the progress and perfectibility of mankind, aided by the application of mathematical methods to the moral and political sciences. His Essai sur l’application de l’analyse à la probabilité des décisions (‘Essay on the Application of Analysis to the Probability of Majority Decisions’, 1785) was an early example of a long French tradition of mathematical treatment of the social sciences (see also inverse methods, Laplace, rule of succession, voter's paradox ). His other major work is the optimistic, indeed visionary, Esquisse d’un tableau historique des progrès de l’esprit humain (1795, trs. as Sketch for a Historical Picture of the Progress of the Human Mind, 1795), often cited as being one of the targets of Malthus.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • CONDORCET (marquis de) — Par la diversité de ses recherches – mathématiques, économiques, philosophiques –, qui toutes portent la marque des orientations intellectuelles de l’époque des Lumières, le marquis de Condorcet occupe dans l’histoire des idées une place assez… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Condorcet,Marquis de — Con·dor·cet (kôn dôr sĕʹ), Marquis de Title of Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas Caritat. 1743 1794. French mathematician and philosopher known for his work on the mathematical theory of probability and for his philosophical study Sketch for a… …   Universalium

  • CONDORCET, MARQUIS DE —    a French mathematician and philosopher, born near St. Quentin; contributed to the Encyclopédie ; was of the Encyclopedist school; took sides with the Revolutionary party in the interest of progress; voted with the Girondists usually; suspected …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Condorcet — Condorcet, Marquis de …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Marquis de Condorcet — Condorcet redirects here. For other uses, see Condorcet (disambiguation). Nicolas de Caritat, marquis de Condorcet Marquis de Condorcet Born 17 September 1743(1743 09 17) …   Wikipedia

  • Marquis de Condorcet — Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas Caritat, Marquis de Condorcet (* 17. September 1743 in Ribemont; † 28. März 1794 in Bourg la Reine) war ein französischer Philosoph, Mathematiker, Politiker und Kommunikatio …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marquis de Condorcet — Nicolas de Condorcet Nicolas de Condorcet Marquis de Condorcet Nom de naissance Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas de Caritat, marquis de Condorcet …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Condorcet-Jury-Theorem — Das Condorcet Jury Theorem ist benannt nach Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas Caritat, Marquis de Condorcet. Es behandelt die Frage, unter welchen Umständen eine binäre Gruppenentscheidung höhere Qualität aufweist, also mit höherer Wahrscheinlichkeit… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Condorcet-Paradoxon — Das Condorcet Paradoxon (auch „Problem der zyklischen Mehrheiten“, Zirkelpräferenz, „Ching Chang Chong Prinzip“ oder „paradox of voting“ genannt) ist ein nach Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas Caritat, Marquis de Condorcet benanntes Paradoxon bei… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Condorcet-Gewinner — Condorcet Methoden (nach Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas Caritat, Marquis de Condorcet) sind Wahl Methoden, bei denen der Wähler Kandidaten nach Rang ordnet (mehrere Kandidaten auf demselben Rang sind ebenfalls erlaubt). Anschließend werden aus diesen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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