Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • mereological — adjective Of or pertaining to mereology, a collection of axiomatic first order theories dealing with parts and their respective wholes. Join is a mereological relation which can be interpreted as union set theoretically …   Wiktionary

  • mereological — mereologˈical adjective • • • Main Entry: ↑mereology …   Useful english dictionary

  • Mereological essentialism — is a philosophical thesis about the relationship between wholes and its parts, and the conditions for their persistence. It holds the view that objects have their parts essentially, implying that if an object were to lose or gain a part, it would …   Wikipedia

  • Mereological nihilism — This article is about the mereological position. For other uses, see Nihilism (disambiguation). Mereological nihilism (also called compositional nihilism, or rarely simply nihilism) is the position that objects with proper parts do not exist (not …   Wikipedia

  • mereological sum — The mereological sum of two elements is the whole that consists of both of them, regardless of their spatial or other distance. The notion is not the same as that of the set whose members are the pair of objects: a mereological sum of two spatial …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Mereology — In philosophy and mathematical logic, mereology (from the Greek μέρος, root: μερε(σ) , part and the suffix logy study, discussion, science ) treats parts and the wholes they form. Whereas set theory is founded on the membership relation between a …   Wikipedia

  • Mereotopology — In formal ontology, a branch of metaphysics, and in ontological computer science, mereotopology is a first order theory, embodying mereological and topological concepts, of the relations among wholes, parts, parts of parts, and the boundaries… …   Wikipedia

  • Counterpart theory — In philosophy, specifically in the area of modal metaphysics, counterpart theory is an alternative to standard (Kripkean) possible worlds semantics for interpreting quantified modal logic. Counterpart theory still presupposes possible worlds, but …   Wikipedia

  • Nihilism — This article is about the philosophical doctrines. For other uses, see Nihilism (disambiguation). Certainty series Agnosticism Belief Certainty Doubt Determini …   Wikipedia

  • Trenton Merricks — is a philosopher at the University of Virginia. His main fields are metaphysics, epistemology, and philosophy of religion. He is perhaps most famous for his account of nihilism (or what is called partial mereological nihilism), according to which …   Wikipedia

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