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**Mathematical finance**— is a field of applied mathematics, concerned with financial markets. The subject has a close relationship with the discipline of financial economics, which is concerned with much of the underlying theory. Generally, mathematical finance will… … Wikipedia**Mathematical logic**— (also known as symbolic logic) is a subfield of mathematics with close connections to foundations of mathematics, theoretical computer science and philosophical logic.[1] The field includes both the mathematical study of logic and the… … Wikipedia**Mathematical statistics**— is the study of statistics from a mathematical standpoint, using probability theory as well as other branches of mathematics such as linear algebra and analysis. The term mathematical statistics is closely related to the term statistical theory… … Wikipedia**Mathematical induction**— can be informally illustrated by reference to the sequential effect of falling dominoes. Mathematical induction is a method of mathematical proof typically used to establish that a given statement is true of all natural numbers (positive… … Wikipedia**Mathematical principles of reinforcement**— (MPR) are a set of mathematical equations that attempt to describe and predict the most fundamental aspects of behavior. The three key principles of MPR, arousal, constraint, and coupling, describe how incentives motivate responding, how time… … Wikipedia**Mean square weighted deviation**— is used extensively in geochronology, the science of obtaining information about the time of formation of, for example, rocks, minerals, bones, corals, or charcoal, or the time at which particular processes took place in a rock mass, for example… … Wikipedia**Mean-preserving spread**— In probability and statistics, a mean preserving spread (MPS)[1] is a change from one probability distribution A to another probability distribution B, where B is formed by spreading out one or more portions of A s probability density function… … Wikipedia**Mathematical proof**— In mathematics, a proof is a convincing demonstration (within the accepted standards of the field) that some mathematical statement is necessarily true.[1][2] Proofs are obtained from deductive reasoning, rather than from inductive or empirical… … Wikipedia**Mean squared error**— In statistics, the mean squared error (MSE) of an estimator is one of many ways to quantify the difference between values implied by a kernel density estimator and the true values of the quantity being estimated. MSE is a risk function,… … Wikipedia**mean**— I adj. 1) mean about (he was very mean about the loan) 2) mean to (he s mean to everyone) 3) mean to + inf. (it was mean of her to say that) II n. mathematical value 1) to find a mean 2) an arithmetic; harmonic mean middle point 3) a golden mean… … Combinatory dictionary