inertial frames


Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Inertial frame of reference — In physics, an inertial frame of reference is a frame of reference which belongs to a set of frames in which physical laws hold in the same and simplest form. According to the first postulate of special relativity, all physical laws take their… …   Wikipedia

  • Non-inertial reference frame — A non inertial reference frame is a frame of reference that is under acceleration.[1] The laws of physics in such a frame do not take on their most simple form, as required by the theory of special relativity.[2][3] To explain the motion of… …   Wikipedia

  • Noninertial reference frames — The noninertial reference frames referred to a particular case which is the Lorentz frame that showed to be not inertial frames at rest on Earth. So if special relativity is to be valid in a gravitational field, it s naturally to take a guess of… …   Wikipedia

  • Mechanics of planar particle motion — Classical mechanics Newton s Second Law History of classical mechanics  …   Wikipedia

  • Centrifugal force (planar motion) — In classical mechanics, centrifugal force (from Latin centrum center and fugere to flee ) is one of the three so called inertial forces or fictitious forces that enter the equations of motion when Newton s laws are formulated in a non inertial… …   Wikipedia

  • Frame of reference — A frame of reference in physics, may refer to a coordinate system or set of axes within which to measure the position, orientation, and other properties of objects in it, or it may refer to an observational reference frame tied to the state of… …   Wikipedia

  • Fictitious force — Classical mechanics Newton s Second Law History of classical mechanics  …   Wikipedia

  • Galilean invariance — or Galilean relativity is a principle of relativity which states that the fundamental laws of physics are the same in all inertial frames. Galileo Galilei first described this principle in 1632 in his Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World… …   Wikipedia

  • Special relativity — (SR) (also known as the special theory of relativity or STR) is the physical theory of measurement in inertial frames of reference proposed in 1905 by Albert Einstein (after considerable contributions of Hendrik Lorentz and Henri Poincaré) in the …   Wikipedia

  • Lorentz transformation — A visualisation of the Lorentz transformation (full animation). Only one space coordinate is considered. The thin solid lines crossing at right angles depict the time and distance coordinates of an observer at rest with respect to that frame; the …   Wikipedia

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