Williams, Bernard

Williams, Bernard
(1929– )
English philosopher. Born in Essex, Williams was educated at Balliol College, Oxford, and held Fellowships at All Souls and New College. He was professor of philosophy at Cambridge from 1967 to 1979 and Provost of King's College, Cambridge from 1979 to 1987, when he accepted a chair at Berkeley, returning to the chair of moral philosophy at Oxford in 1990. Williams is known for a subtle relativistic position in moral philosophy that rejects both Aristotelian and Kantian promises that virtue arises from the exercise of rational propensities in the mind. He also rejects expressive and projective theories, arguing instead that ethics cannot be what it seems to be, if it is based purely on contingent sentiments and passions. He has argued influentially that Kantian ethics, and utilitarianism, impose an unnatural emphasis on purely impersonal concerns, ignoring the personal projects that necessarily occupy the foreground of people's practical lives (see also agent-centred morality, integrity, Stoicism, universalizability ). Williams's principal books include Descartes: the Project of Pure Inquiry (1978), Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy (1985), and Shame and Necessity (1993). Collections of papers include Problems of the Self (1973) and Moral Luck (1981).

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Bernard Arthur Owen Williams — Bernard Williams Bernard Arthur Owen Williams (Westcliff on Sea, Essex, 21 septembre 1929 Rome, 10 juin 2003) était un philosophe anglais, considéré comme l un des plus brillants spécialistes de philosophie morale de son temps[1]. Williams a… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bernard Williams — For other people named Bernard Williams, see Bernard Williams (disambiguation). Bernard Williams Full name Bernard Williams Born 21 September 1929(1929 09 21) Westcliff on Sea, Essex …   Wikipedia

  • Bernard Arthur Owen Williams — Sir Bernard Arthur Owen Williams (* 21. September 1929 in Westcliff on Sea, Essex; † 10. Juni 2003 in Rom) war ein englischer Philosoph. Leben Bernard Williams erhielt den M.A. Degree der University of Oxford. Nach dem Dienst in der Royal Air… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bernard Williams (footballeur) —  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Bernard Williams.  Bernard Williams …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Williams — noun 1. English philosopher credited with reviving the field of moral philosophy (1929 2003) • Syn: ↑Sir Bernard Williams, ↑Bernard Arthur Owen Williams • Instance Hypernyms: ↑philosopher 2. United States country singer and songwriter (1923 1953) …   Useful english dictionary

  • Williams (Familienname) — Williams ist ein englischer Familienname. Bedeutung Der Name ist eine patronymische Ableitung und bedeutet Sohn des William. Verbreitung Williams ist mit 0,69 Prozent Namensträgern an der Gesamtbevölkerung dritthäufigster Familienname in den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bernard Williams (Leichtathlet) — Bernard Williams 2007 Bernard Williams (* 19. Januar 1978 in Baltimore) ist ein US amerikanischer Leichtathlet. Williams ist Sprinter. Seine Spezialdisziplin sind die 200 m. Seinen ersten internationalen Erfolg hatte er allerdings auf der 100… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bernard Williams (disambiguation) — Bernard Williams can refer to:*Bernard Williams, English moral philosopher *Bernard Williams, U.S. athlete *Bernard Williams, film producer [http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0930089/ IMDb ] *Bernard Williams, Canadian Football League playerSee also… …   Wikipedia

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