The Socratic thesis or paradox that nobody does wrong willingly is challenged by wickedness, which in some moral systems is universal (see original sin ), and in others at least occasional. Wickedness is often assimilated to loss of control (see akrasia ), the idea being that full control would put reason back in charge of any unruly or base passions. A 20th-century reversal of this, with roots in de Sade and Nietzsche, romantically elevates the freedom that is supposed to come from deliberately flouting (transcend-ing) normal ethics, thought of as an external system of restraints on conduct.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wickedness — Wick ed*ness, n. 1. The quality or state of being wicked; departure from the rules of the divine or the moral law; evil disposition or practices; immorality; depravity; sinfulness. [1913 Webster] God saw that the wickedness of man was great. Gen …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • wickedness — index atrocity, corruption, delinquency (misconduct), dishonor (shame), disrepute, mischief, mis …   Law dictionary

  • wickedness — c.1300, from WICKED (Cf. wicked) + NESS (Cf. ness) …   Etymology dictionary

  • wickedness — noun /ˈwɪkɪdnəs/ a) The state of being wicked; evil disposition; immorality. We speak of wickedness as something in the soul different from virtue. b) A wicked or sinful thing or act; morally bad or …   Wiktionary

  • wickedness — wicked ► ADJECTIVE 1) evil or morally wrong. 2) playfully mischievous. 3) informal excellent; wonderful. DERIVATIVES wickedly adverb wickedness noun. ORIGIN probably from WICCA(Cf. ↑ …   English terms dictionary

  • wickedness — noun Date: 14th century 1. the quality or state of being wicked 2. something wicked …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • wickedness — /wik id nis/, n. 1. the quality or state of being wicked. 2. wicked conduct or practices. 3. a wicked act or thing. [1250 1300; ME; see WICKED, NESS] * * * …   Universalium

  • wickedness — Synonyms and related words: aberrance, aberrancy, abnormality, arrantness, badness, baseness, bitchiness, corruption, criminality, cussedness, damnability, debt, delinquency, depravity, deviance, deviancy, devilishness, devilment, devilry,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • wickedness — I (Roget s IV) n. Syn. evil, depravity, immorality, sinfulness; see blasphemy . II (Roget s Thesaurus II) noun 1. That which is morally bad or objectionable: evil, iniquity, peccancy, sin, wrong. See RIGHT. 2. Degrading, immoral acts or habits:… …   English dictionary for students

  • wickedness — sb. Pol. S. 230 …   Oldest English Words

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