Generally a position seeing reason and intellect as subservient to the will: any position sympathizing with Hume's dictum that reason is and ought to be the slave of the passions. In ethics, voluntarism is the position that it is will or desire that creates values, although this is more commonly called projectivism or emotivism . The theological position that all values are so through being chosen by God is also known by the name. Also in theology, voluntarism is a term for the fideistic position that it is legitimate to believe in things because it is legitimate to want to do so. This position is found in Pascal, Kierkegaard, and the pragmatist James . Finally, the term is applied to the embracing metaphysic of Schopenhauer that places a blind and all-powerful will at the basis of all nature.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Voluntarism — • In the modern metaphysical sense is a theory which explains the universe as emanating ultimately from some form of will Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Voluntarism     Voluntarism …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • voluntarism — VOLUNTARÍSM s.n. 1. Concepţie filozofică potrivit căreia existenţa se întemeiază pe anumite tendinţe iraţionale ale voinţei umane sau pe o voinţă cosmică oarbă. 2. Concepţie sociologică care neagă existenţa legilor obiective ale naturii şi… …   Dicționar Român

  • Voluntarism — can refer to: *Voluntarism (action), the use of or reliance on voluntary action to maintain an institution, carry out a policy, or achieve an end. *Voluntarism (metaphysics), a philosophical term emphasising the primacy of the will. *Voluntaryism …   Wikipedia

  • Voluntarism — Vol un*ta*rism, n. 1. (Philosophy) Any theory which conceives will to be the dominant factor in experience or in the constitution of the world; contrasted with {intellectualism}. Schopenhauer and Fichte are typical exponents of the two types of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • voluntarism — 1838, in philosophy, from VOLUNTARY (Cf. voluntary) + ISM (Cf. ism). As the theory or principal of using voluntary action rather than coercion (in politics, etc.), from 1924, Amer.Eng. (Voluntaryism in this sense is recorded from 1883) …   Etymology dictionary

  • voluntarism — [väl′ən tər iz΄em] n. 1. a) voluntary or willing participation in a course of action b) a doctrine or system based on such participation c) VOLUNTEERISM 2. Philos. any theory which holds that reality is ultimately of the nature of will or that… …   English World dictionary

  • voluntarism — voluntarist, n., adj. voluntaristic, adj. /vol euhn teuh riz euhm/, n. 1. Philos. any theory that regards will as the fundamental agency or principle, in metaphysics, epistemology, or psychology. 2. the principle or practice of supporting… …   Universalium

  • voluntarism — A term usually contrasted with determinism , voluntarism denotes the assumption that individuals are the agents of their actions, and have some control over what they do. Voluntarism s alliance with action contrasts with the deterministic… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • voluntarism — noun Date: 1838 1. the principle or system of doing something by or relying on voluntary action or volunteers 2. a theory that conceives will to be the dominant factor in experience or in the world • voluntarist noun • voluntaristic adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • voluntarism — noun a) a reliance on volunteers to support an institution or achieve an end; volunteerism b) a doctrine that assigns the most dominant position to the will rather than the intellect …   Wiktionary

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