utility calculus

utility calculus

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Calculus of negligence — In the United States, the calculus of negligence, or Hand rule, is a term coined by Judge Learned Hand and describes a process for determining whether a legal duty of care has been breached (see negligence). The original description of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Utility — This article is about the economic concept. For other uses, see Utility (disambiguation). Part of a series on Utilitarianism …   Wikipedia

  • utility — The basic unit of desirability in much decision theory, game theory, and economics. The difficulty is being sure that it refers to anything sufficiently definite to work with. This requires, for instance, that at least some comparisons of utility …   Philosophy dictionary

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  • felicific calculus — noun A quasi mathematical technique proposed by 19th century utilitarian ethical theorists for determining the net amount of happiness, pleasure, or utility resulting from an action, sometimes regarded as a precursor of …   Wiktionary

  • Non-Newtonian calculus — The phrase Non Newtonian calculus used by Grossman and KatzGrossman and Katz. Non Newtonian Calculus , ISBN 0912938013, Lee Press, 1972.] describes a variety of alternatives to the classical calculus of Isaac Newton and Gottfried Leibniz.There… …   Wikipedia

  • Marginal utility — In economics, the marginal utility of a good or service is the utility gained (or lost) from an increase (or decrease) in the consumption of that good or service. Economists sometimes speak of a law of diminishing marginal utility, meaning that… …   Wikipedia

  • integral calculus — the branch of mathematics that deals with integrals, esp. the methods of ascertaining indefinite integrals and applying them to the solution of differential equations and the determining of areas, volumes, and lengths. [1720 30] * * * Branch of… …   Universalium

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