The two classical truth-values that a statement, proposition, or sentence can take. It is supposed in classical (two-valued) logic that each statement has one of these values, and none has both. A statement is then false if and only if it is not true. The basis of this scheme is that to each statement there corresponds a determinate truth condition, or way the world must be for it to be true; if this condition obtains the statement is true, and otherwise false. Statements may indeed be felicitous or infelicitous in other dimensions (polite, misleading, apposite, witty, etc.), but truth is the central normative notion governing assertion. Considerations of vagueness may introduce greys into this black-and-white scheme. For the issue of whether falsity is the only way of failing to be true, see presupposition. For theories of truth: see coherence, correspondence, disquotational, ideal limit, identity, redundancy, semantic theories of truth.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • truth — truth/falsity …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Falsity — Fal si*ty, n.;pl. {Falsities}. [L. falsitas: cf. F. fausset[ e], OF. also, falsit[ e]. See {False}, a.] 1. The quality of being false; coutrariety or want of conformity to truth. [1913 Webster] Probability does not make any alteration, either in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Falsity — • A perversion of truth originating in the deceitfulness of one party, and culminating in the damage of another party Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Falsity     Falsity      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • truth — [tro͞oth] n. pl. truths [tro͞othz, tro͞oths] [ME treuthe < OE treowth: see TRUE & TH1] 1. the quality or state of being true; specif., a) Obs. loyalty; trustworthiness b) sincerity; genuineness; honesty …   English World dictionary

  • truth value — noun (logic) The truth or falsity of a statement • • • Main Entry: ↑truth …   Useful english dictionary

  • falsity — [n] dishonesty, deception canard, cheating, deceit, deceptiveness, disingenuousness, double dealing, duplicity, erroneousness, error, faithlessness, fake, fallacy, falsehood, fib, fraud, fraudulence, hypocrisy, inaccuracy, infidelity, insincerity …   New thesaurus

  • truth table — n. 1. a table showing all the possible combinations of the variables in an expression in symbolic logic and their resulting truth or falsity 2. a similar table showing relationships between input to and output from a computer circuit …   English World dictionary

  • Truth — For other uses, see Truth (disambiguation). Time Saving Truth from Falsehood and Envy, François Lemoyne, 1737 Truth has a variety of meanings, such as the state of being in accord with fact or reality …   Wikipedia

  • falsity — falsehood, falseness, falsity The three words, all to do with departure from the truth or what is true, have a considerable overlap in meaning and are sometimes interchangeable. Falsehood is the intentional telling of an untruth, and a falsehood… …   Modern English usage

  • falsity — noun 1. a false statement (Freq. 1) • Syn: ↑falsehood, ↑untruth • Ant: ↑truth (for: ↑falsehood) • Derivationally related forms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

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