Thoreau, Henry David

American writer and poet. Born in Concord, Massachusetts, Thoreau was a friend of Emerson's and similarly imbued with the ideas of New England transcendentalism . In Thoreau's case it harmonized with a natural asceticism and high-mindedness. In spite of its pervasive contempt for what he called ‘the mass of mankind’, his most famous work, Walden (1854), is a continuing inspiration for back-to-nature movements. Thoreau suffered a day's imprisonment for refusing to pay a poll tax, on the grounds that part of the tax went to the Mexican war promoting the expansion of Southern slavery. His record of this experience, the essay ‘Civil Disobedience’ (1849), became a model for later advocates of passive resistance, notably Mahatma Gandhi.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Thoreau, Henry David — born July 12, 1817, Concord, Mass., U.S. died May 6, 1862, Concord U.S. thinker, essayist, and naturalist. Thoreau graduated from Harvard University and taught school for several years before leaving his job to become a poet of nature. Back in… …   Universalium

  • Thoreau, Henry David — (12 jul. 1817, Concord, Mass., EE.UU.–6 may. 1862, Concord). Pensador, ensayista y naturalista estadounidense. Se graduó de la Universidad de Harvard, fue profesor de escuela durante muchos años antes de dejar su trabajo y transformarse en un… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Thoreau,Henry David — Tho·reau (thə rōʹ, thôrʹō), Henry David. 1817 1862. American writer. A seminal figure in the history of American thought, he spent much of his life in Concord, Massachusetts, where he became associated with the New England transcendentalists and… …   Universalium

  • THOREAU, HENRY DAVID —    an American author who, next to his friend and neighbour Emerson, gave the most considerable impulse to the transcendental movement in American literature, born in Concord, where his life was mostly spent, of remote French extraction; was with …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Thoreau, Henry David —  (1817–1862) American naturalist, poet, and writer …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • THOREAU, Henry David — (1817 1862)    American TRANSCENDENTALIST philosopher whose reflections on self sufficiency in his book Walden (1854), and FAITH have greatly influenced POSITIVE THINKING and WORD OF FAITH type CHRISTIAN movements …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Thoreau, Henry David — (1817 1862)    Essayist, poet, and naturalist, was b. at Concord, Massachusetts. His f., of French extraction, from Jersey, was a manufacturer of lead pencils. He was ed. at Harvard, where he became a good classical scholar. Subsequently he was a …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Thoreau, Henry David —    см. Topo, Генри Дэвид …   Писатели США. Краткие творческие биографии

  • Henry David Thoreau — Thoreau redirects here. For other uses, see Thoreau (disambiguation). Henry David Thoreau Maxham daguerreotype of Henry David Thoreau made in 1856 Full name Henry David Thoreau Born July 12, 1817( …   Wikipedia

  • Henry David Thoreau — en 1856. Nombre …   Wikipedia Español

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