(or Ibn Rushd ) (1126–1198)
The most distinguished and influential Islamic Aristotelian, Averroës was born in 1126 in Cordoba, and was educated in law and various sciences. He lived partly in Marrakesh, and became a judge in Seville in 1169. Towards the end of his life he fell into disgrace, but although exiled for a short time was restored to favour, and died in Marrakesh. The majority of his works were commentaries on the writings of Aristotle. Averroës wrote with the intention of rescuing Aristotle from Neoplatonic and religious impurities, especially as found in the works of Avicenna . In particular, whereas for Avicenna existence is an accident of essence, or in other words the universal or form precedes the individual thing, for Averroës individual substances are the primary existents, and the distinction between them and their essence is the work of the mind. He also criticized Avicenna's cosmological argument, holding instead that only physical arguments, such as that showing the need for a prime mover, can prove the existence of physical things. Averroës was much concerned with improving and expanding upon Aristotle's doctrine of the intellect and the soul, holding a curious doctrine of a universal and immaterial passive intellect, common to all, and providing what is common, and immortal, in human beings. Because he held non-Christian doctrines, including the eternity of the world, the absence of individual providence, and the doctrine of merely collective immortality, Averroës became associated with the doctrine of double truth, the slightly underhand way of reconciling theology and philosophy, although he himself never subscribed to such a view. As well as his 38 commentaries on Aristotle, he wrote the Incoherence of the Incoherence against the anti-rationalism of Al-Ghazali, works on medicine, a commentary on Plato's Republic, and treatises on religion.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Averroes — Alfred Ivry Abū’l Walīd Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad ibn Rushd (1126–98) needs to be known only as Averroes to be familiar to students of philosophy in the West. Greatly respected as a commentator on Aristotle’s writings, Averroes was also strongly… …   History of philosophy

  • AVERROES° — (Abu al Walid Muhammad ibn Rushd; 1126–1198), qadi, jurist, noted physician, and one of the greatest Islamic philosophers. Averroes, who lived in Spain, is best known as the outstanding commentator of the medieval period on Aristotle s works. He… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Averroes — Averroës (Ausschnitt eines Gemäldes von Andrea Bonaiuto; 14. Jhd.) Averroës, Detailansicht aus der Schule von Athen ( …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Averroës — (Ausschnitt eines Gemäldes von Andrea Bonaiuto; 14. Jhd.) Averroës, Detailan …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Averroes — Averroès Pour les articles homonymes, voir Averroès (homonymie). Averroès Philosophe cordouan Moyen Âge …   Wikipédia en Français

  • AVERROÈS — En Islam, la philosophie inspirée des Grecs (la falsafa ) a eu une histoire complexe. Intégrant dès le début des éléments variés à son aristotélisme néo platonisant, elle culmine en Orient avec Avicenne (Ibn S 稜n ), dont la pensée devait… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Averroès —     Au cours du XIIe siècle, c’est l’Espagne qui devient le centre intellectuel de la civilisation musulmane. Les califes espagnols, comme ceux d’Orient, favorisent les médecins, les mathématiciens, les astronomes. Le plus connu des philosophes… …   Philosophie du Moyen Age

  • Averroes — • Arabian philosopher, astronomer, and writer on jurisprudence; born at Cordova, 1126; died at Morocco, 1198 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Averroes     Averroes      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Averroës — (or Abu Al Walid Muhammad Ibn Ahmad Ibn Rushd ) (1126–1198) Spanish–Muslim physician and philosopher Averroës, also known simply as ‘The Commentator’ to the Latin West, or Ibn Rushd, came from a family of jurists and was born in Cordoba in… …   Scientists

  • Averroes — Médico y filósofo árabe, nacido en Córdoba en 1126. Fue un hombre de cultura enciclopédica que destacó como médico y especialmente como filósofo; Escribió un importante tratado médico (Generalidades) y fue un excelente comentador de los… …   Diccionario médico

  • Averroes —   [a vɛroɛs], arabischer Philosoph und Arzt, Ibn Ruschd …   Universal-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.