- (1790–1859)British philosopher of law. Born in London, after a brief career in the army Austin was called to the Bar in 1818. With his wife, Sarah Taylor, he was closely associated with Bentham and his circle. When the university of London was founded in 1826 he was offered the chair of jurisprudence, and his first series of lectures became his masterwork, The Province of Jurisprudence Determined (1832). In this year, however, he gave up the chair for financial reasons. Austin is known as the first and most rigorous exponent of an imperativist conception of law. Law is the command of the sovereign backed by sanctions; the sovereign is the person or institution whom the people have the habit of obeying. The model has been relentlessly attacked, for instance for failing to account for the persistence of legal authority and for the role of the law in providing a framework that enables people to do things. But it properly focuses upon the difference between law as it is and law as it should be (about which Austin was a utilitarian ), and it brings to the forefront the central and permanent question of the underlying relationship between law and political power.
Philosophy dictionary. Academic. 2011.
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Austin, John — • An English lawyer and writer, born 1613 at Walpole, in Norfolk; died London, 1669 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Austin, John John Austin … Catholic encyclopedia
Austin, John — born March 3, 1790, Creeting Mill, Suffolk, Eng. died Dec. 1859, Weybridge, Surrey British jurist. Although initially unsuccessful in his law practice (1818–25), his analytical mind and intellectual honesty impressed colleagues, and he was named… … Universalium
Austin, John — SUBJECT AREA: Textiles [br] fl. 1789 Scotland [br] Scottish contributor to the early development of the power loom. [br] On 6 April 1789 John Austin wrote to James Watt, seeking advice about patenting a weaving loom I have invented to go by the… … Biographical history of technology
Austin, John — (3 mar. 1790, Creeting Mill, Suffolk, Inglaterra–dic. 1859, Weybridge, Surrey). Jurista británico. Aunque tuvo un comienzo de poco éxito en el ejercicio de la profesión (1818–25), su mente analítica y su honestidad intelectual impresionaron a sus … Enciclopedia Universal
AUSTIN, JOHN — a distinguished English jurist, professor of Jurisprudence in London University; mastered the science of law by the study of it in Germany, but being too profound in his philosophy, was unsuccessful as professor; his great work, The Province… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Austin, John — (1790 1859) Jurist, served in the army in Sicily and Malta, but, selling his commission, studied law, and was called to the Bar 1818. He did not long continue to practise, but devoted himself to the study of law as a science, and became… … Short biographical dictionary of English literature
Austin, John Langshaw — ▪ British philosopher born March 28, 1911, Lancaster, Lancashire, Eng. died Feb. 8, 1960, Oxford British philosopher best known for his individualistic analysis of human thought derived from detailed study of everyday language. After… … Universalium
Austin, John Langshaw — (1911–1960) British linguistic philosopher. Austin was educated and taught at Oxford, where he worked all his life except for a distinguished period in the Intelligence service during the Second World War. He had a classical and scholarly… … Philosophy dictionary
John Austin — Austin, John … Philosophy dictionary
John L. Austin — John Langshaw Austin (* 26. März 1911 in Lancaster; † 8. Februar 1960 in Oxford) war englischer Philosoph und der Begründer der Sprechakttheorie. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Biographie 2 Philosophische Ansichten 3 … Deutsch Wikipedia