referentially opaque/transparent

referentially opaque/transparent
A distinction between the contexts into which referring expressions can be put. A context is referentially transparent if any two terms referring to the same thing can be substituted in it salva veritate, i.e. without altering the truth or falsity of what is said. A context is referentially opaque when this is not so. Thus, if the number of the planets is nine, then ‘the number of the planets is odd’ has the same truth-value as ‘nine is odd’; whereas ‘necessarily the number of planets is odd’ or ‘ x knows that the number of planets is odd’ need not have the same truth-value as ‘necessarily nine is odd’ or ‘ x knows that nine is odd’. So while ‘…is odd’ provides a transparent context, ‘necessarily…is odd’ and ‘ x knows that…is odd’ do not. See also extension/intension.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • transparent — See referentially opaque/transparent …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Opaque context — An opaque context is a linguistic context in which it is not always possible to substitute co referential expressions (usually grammatically singular terms) salva veritate. In other words, substitution of co referential expressions into an opaque …   Wikipedia

  • intentionality — The directedness or ‘aboutness’ of many, if not all, conscious states. The term was used by the scholastics, but revived in the 19th century by Brentano . Our beliefs, thoughts, wishes, dreams, and desires are about things. Equally the words we… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • opacity and transparency — See referentially opaque/transparent …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Referential transparency (computer science) — Referential transparency and referential opaqueness are properties of parts of computer programs. An expression is said to be referentially transparent if it can be replaced with its value without changing the program (in other words, yielding a… …   Wikipedia

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