problem of induction


Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Problem of induction — The problem of induction is the philosophical question of whether inductive reasoning is valid. That is, what is the justification for either:# generalizing about the properties of a class of objects based on some number of observations of… …   Wikipedia

  • induction, problem of — Problem of justifying the inductive inference from the observed to the unobserved. It was given its classic formulation by David Hume, who noted that such inferences typically rely on the assumption that the future will resemble the past, or on… …   Universalium

  • induction, deduction — The common methods of thinking are deduction and induction. The former method tries to establish a specific and limited conclusion by showing that it is allied with, or conforms to, a general truth or principle. In deduction, thought moves from… …   Dictionary of problem words and expressions

  • induction — See induction, deduction …   Dictionary of problem words and expressions

  • induction — inductionless, adj. /in duk sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of inducing, bringing about, or causing: induction of the hypnotic state. 2. the act of inducting; introduction; initiation. 3. formal installation in an office, benefice, or the like. 4. Logic.… …   Universalium

  • induction — The term is most widely used for any process of reasoning that takes us from empirical premises to empirical conclusions supported by the premises, but not deductively entailed by them. Inductive arguments are therefore kinds of ampliative… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Induction (logique) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Induction. L induction est historiquement le nom pour un genre de raisonnement qui se propose de chercher des lois générales à partir de l observation de faits particuliers, sur une base probabiliste. L idée de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Induction puzzles — are Logic puzzles which are solved via the application of the principle of induction. In most cases, the puzzle s scenario will involve several participants with reasoning capability (typically people) and the solution to the puzzle will be based …   Wikipedia

  • Problem of universals — The problem of universals is an ancient problem in metaphysics about whether universals exist. Universals are general or abstract qualities, characteristics, properties, kinds or relations, such as being male/female, solid/liquid/gas or a certain …   Wikipedia

  • Problem of points — The problem of points, also called the problem of division of the stakes, is a classical problem in probability theory. One of the famous problems that motivated the beginnings of modern probability theory in the 17th century, it led Blaise… …   Wikipedia

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