A term in use since Aristotle, to whom praxis is one of the three basic activities of human beings (the others being theoria, or theory, and poiēsis, or skilful manufacture). Praxis in Aristotle includes voluntary or goal-directed action, although it sometimes also includes the condition that the action is itself part of the end, an action done for its own sake. In Kant, praxis is the application of a theory to cases encountered in experience, but is also ethically significant thought, or practical reason, that is, reasoning about what there should be as opposed to what there is. Kant's placing of the practical above the theoretical influenced the subsequent thought of Fichte, Schelling, and Hegel . But it is in Marx that the concept becomes central to the new philosophical ideal of transforming the world through revolutionary activity. The subordination of theory to practice is connected with the inability of reason to solve contradictions, which are instead removed by the dialectical progress of history. Praxis is also connected with genuinely free, self-conscious, authentic activity as opposed to the alienated labour demanded under capitalism. See also false consciousness.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • praxis — [ praksis ] n. f. • 1934; all. Praxis, la forme existe dès le XVIe en angl., du lat. médiév. praxis; mot gr. « action » ♦ Didact. Activité en vue d un résultat, opposée à la connaissance d une part, à l être d autre part. Le langage en tant que… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Praxis — may refer to:* Praxis (process), the process of putting theoretical knowledge into practice * Praxis (Eastern Orthodoxy), the practice of faith, especially worship * Praxis (journal), a journal of philosophy of the University of Manchester *… …   Wikipedia

  • Praxis — (altgriechisch: πρᾶξις prâxis = „Tat“, „Handlung“, ein von πράττω prátto = „ich handle“, „ich tu[e]“ abgeleitetes Verbalsubstantiv, ebenso: πρᾶγμα prâgma „Tat“ und [als deren Ergebnis:] „Tatsache“, „Sache“, „Ding“) bezeichnet: Praxis… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • praxis — PRÁXIS s.n. (înv.) 1. Pricepere dobândită printr o practică îndelungată; experienţă, rutină. 2. Act, document. 3. Obicei, datină. [var.: práxă s.f.] – Din ngr. práxis. Trimis de oprocopiuc, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  práxis s. n. Tr …   Dicționar Român

  • Praxis — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Praxis es el proceso por el cual una teoría o lección se convierte en parte de la experiencia vivida. Mientras que una lección es solamente absorbida a nivel intelectual en un aula, las ideas son probadas y… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Praxis — Sf std. (17. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. prāxis Verfahren , dieses aus gr. prãxis, auch: Handeln, Tun, Beschäftigung , zu gr. prāssein tun, vollbringen . Zunächst entlehnt in der Bedeutung Tätigkeit, Verfahren ; im 18. Jh. dann als… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • praxis — (n.) 1580s, from M.L. praxis practice, action (mid 13c., opposite of theory), from Gk. praxis practice, action, doing, from stem of prassein to do, to act …   Etymology dictionary

  • Praxis — Praxis: Das seit dem Anfang des 17. Jh.s bezeugte Fremdwort tritt zuerst in der Bedeutung »‹Berufs›ausübung, Tätigkeit; Verfahrensart« auf. Im 18. Jh. findet es sich dann als Gegensatz zu ↑ Theorie als Bezeichnung für die tätige… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • Praxis —  ♦ Praxis    Греческое название действия; для обозначения практики им любят пользоваться снобы и марксисты. Мне представляется разумным употреблять его исключительно в противопоставлении термину poiesis, предложенному Аристотелем. И то и другое… …   Философский словарь Спонвиля

  • Praxis — Prax is, n. [NL., fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? to do. See {Practice}.] 1. Use; practice; especially, exercise or discipline for a specific purpose or object. The praxis and theory of music. Wood. [1913 Webster] 2. An example or form of exercise, or a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Praxis — [Aufbauwortschatz (Rating 1500 3200)] Auch: • Übung • Training • Ausübung • Arztpraxis Bsp.: • Übung macht den Meister. • …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

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