practical syllogism

practical syllogism
Aristotle appears to have thought that practical reasoning could be represented in the shape of a syllogism, although the passages are fragmentary and not altogether consistent. In one version, the first premise would give a kind of action or outcome a desirability characteristic; the second would identify an instance, and the conclusion would either be an action or a close, practical relation to an action. ‘All foods that contain vitamin C are healthy; this orange contains vitamin C, so let me eat it!’ might be a sample. Others proceed by giving a goal and a means to obtain it: ‘I need a covering, a cloak is a covering, so let me have a cloak!’ However it is clearly not a valid general form of reasoning, for there is no logical fault in acknowledging the premises but having no inclination to eat the orange or obtain the cloak. The idea that the conclusion of an argument is something like an action is not readily intelligible, especially as actions are concerned with particulars, and the conclusions of syllogisms have no application to particulars.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • practical syllogism —  Практический силлогизм …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • practical reason — Most generally, any reasoning aiming at a conclusion concerning what to do. More specifically, Aristotle s attempt to analyse this process in terms of the practical syllogism . See also phronēsis …   Philosophy dictionary

  • reason, practical —    Practical reason is the human ability to decide through reflection on the appropriate course of action. Since Socrates (Plato, Protagoras 345e) many philosophers have assumed that if one knows the right course of action, one will necessarily… …   Christian Philosophy

  • ПРАКТИЧЕСКИЙ СИЛЛОГИЗМ — (practical syllogism) см. практическое рассуждение …   Большой толковый социологический словарь

  • Aristotle — /ar euh stot l/, n. 384 322 B.C., Greek philosopher: pupil of Plato; tutor of Alexander the Great. * * * born 384, Stagira died 322 BC, Chalcis Greek philosopher and scientist whose thought determined the course of Western intellectual history… …   Universalium

  • List of philosophy topics (I-Q) — II and thou I Ching I Ching I proposition I Thou I Thou relationshipIaIamblichus (philosopher)IbYahya Ibn Adi Yahya Ibn Adi Ibn al Arabi Muhyi al Din Ibn al Arabi Abu Bakr Ibn Bajja Abu Bakr Ibn Bājja Abu Bakr Muhammad Ibn Yahya Ibn as Say igh… …   Wikipedia

  • Synderesis — Synderesis, in scholastic moral philosophy, is the natural capacity or disposition (habitus) of the practical reason to apprehend intuitively the universal first principles of human action .Reason is a single faculty, but is called differently… …   Wikipedia

  • Outline of logic — The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to logic: Logic – formal science of using reason, considered a branch of both philosophy and mathematics. Logic investigates and classifies the structure of statements and… …   Wikipedia

  • Rationality — as a term is related to the idea of reason, a word which following Webster s may be derived as much from older terms referring to thinking itself as from giving an account or an explanation. This lends the term a dual aspect. One aspect… …   Wikipedia

  • Практический силлогизм —  ♦ (ENG practical syllogism)  (лат. syllogismus practicus практический силлогизм)    способ понимания индивидом определенности выбора ( уверенность ) как его обосновывали реформатские теологи, в частности пуритане. Он в основном утверждает: Любой …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.