Plutarch


Plutarch
(c. AD 50–120)
Greek-born writer and Middle Platonist. Plutarch was born in Chaeronea in Boeotia, studied at Athens, and went to Rome, returning to spend the last decades of his life as a priest at Delphi. His most famous work, the Lives, is intended to illustrate the workings of virtue and vice in the careers of great men, and had considerable influence on Shakespeare and other Renaissance writers. His philosophical writings exhibit the pious transcendentalism of Middle Platonism . Opinions of Plutarch's capacities as a philosopher differ. He departs from orthodox Platonism by acknowledging a positive force of evil in the world (see Manichaeanism, Zoroastrianism ), but also anticipates Plotinus in his concern to find a unified and simple supreme principle at the pinnacle of the hierarchy of reality.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Plutarch — (griechisch Πλούταρχος, lateinisch: Plutarchus; * um 45 in Chaironeia; † um 125) war ein griechischer Schriftsteller und Verfasser zahlreicher biographischer und philosophischer Schriften. Durch große literarische und philosophische Bildung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • PLUTARCH° — (c. 46–120 C.E.), Greek biographer and antiquarian. He discusses whether the Jews abstain from the use of swine s flesh out of reverence for the animal or because of aversion to it (Quaestiones Conviviales, 4). In a symposium (ibid.) Who is the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Plutárch — Plutárch, griech. Schriftsteller, geb. um 46 n.Chr. zu Chäronea in Bäotien, gest. das. als Archon und Priester des delphischen Apollo (um 95 125 n.Chr.); schrieb 46 Lebensbeschreibungen berühmter Griechen und Römer, hg. von Sintenis (neue. Ausg …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Plutarch — Plutarch, griech. Schriftsteller aus Chäronea, geb. um 50 n. Chr., gest. zwischen 120 und 134; wir besitzen von ihm 44 vergleichende Lebensbeschreibungen (Parallelbiographien) berühmter Griechen u. Römer u. 5 Biographien, sehr anziehend… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Plutarch — [plo͞o′tärk΄] A.D. 46? 120?; Gr. biographer & historian …   English World dictionary

  • Plutarch — For other uses, see Plutarch (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Petrarch. Plutarch Lucius Mestrius Plutarchus Μέστριος Πλούταρχος Parallel Lives, Amyot translation, 1565 Born c …   Wikipedia

  • Plutarch — /plooh tahrk/, n. A.D. c46 c120, Greek biographer. * * * Greek Plutarchos Latin Plutarchus born AD 46, Chaeronea, Boeotia died after 119 Greek biographer and author. The son of a biographer and philosopher, Plutarch studied in Athens, taught in… …   Universalium

  • Plutarch — Classical Author Before AD 50 after AD 120.     The works of the *Greek writer, Plutarch of Chaeronea, have preserved, in its fullest form, one of Egypt s greatest myths, although the same story occurs earlier in the writings of *Diodorus Siculus …   Ancient Egypt

  • Plutarch — noun /ˈpluː.tɑːk,ˈplu.tɑɹk/ a) The classical historian and essayist Lucius Mestrius Plutarchus (46 120 ). Often used as a byword for a biographer, to suggest that the writer is especially skilled or has other attributes associated with Plutarch.… …   Wiktionary

  • Plutarch — Plutạrch,   griechisch Plutarchos, griechischer philosophischer Schriftsteller, * Chaironeia um 46 n. Chr., ✝ um 120. Aus angesehener Familie stammend, schloss sich Plutarch in Athen der platonischen Akademie an, wurde jedoch auch von Stoa und… …   Universal-Lexikon


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