argumentum ad…

argumentum ad…
The traditional classification of fallacies of reasoning describes many of them as involving an ‘argument to…’ They include: A. ad ignorantiam : arguing that a proposition is true because it has not been shown to be false, or vice versa. A. ad baculum (literally, arguing to a cudgel): supporting a conclusion by highlighting the dire consequences of not believing it (supposedly a fallacy, but pragmatism insists that similar considerations underlie all processes of belief formation). A. ad hominem : attempting to disprove what a person holds by attacking the person (less commonly, supporting a person's contention by praising the person), or, more generally, arguing in a way that may or may not be forceful against a particular person's position, but does not advance matters for those who do not hold that person's particular combination of beliefs. A. ad misericordiam (to pity): an argument trading on the sympathies of people. A. ad populum : an argument appealing to the prejudices of the people. A. ad verecundiam : appealing to an authority outside its legitimate area; illicitly trading on reverence and respect.
Although processes of argument fall into these and other errors, it is difficult to separate improper from proper uses of arguments that might be described in these ways. For instance, appeal to sympathy, or popular belief, or authority might in some circumstances be quite legitimate. Except for argumentum ad hominem, the terms are not commonly used.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • argumentum ad — argumentum ad… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Argumentum — Argumentum, lat., der Schluß, der Beweis. Redensarten: A. ad hominem, Beweis auf den Mann gerichtet, wenn man z.B. einem sagt, er möge lieber gutwillig etwas thun, sonst zwinge man ihn mit Gewalt dazu; a. a baculo, Beweis durch Stockprügel; a.… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • argumentum — index context, proof, subject (topic) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • argumentum — [är΄gyəmen′təm] n. [L] an argument: used with Latin phrases AD HOMINEM, AD REM, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Argumentum — Ein Argument (lateinisch „Beweisgrund, Beweismittel“) ist eine Aussage oder eine Folge von Aussagen, die zur Begründung oder zur Widerlegung einer Behauptung (These) angeführt wird. Die zusammenhängende Darlegung von Argumenten wird als… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • argumentum — /agjəˈmɛntəm/ (say ahgyuh mentuhm) noun argument, as argumentum ad hominem, argument designed to appeal to the prejudices of an audience or attack the character of an opponent; or argumentum ad rem, argument confined strictly to relevant issues.… …   Australian English dictionary

  • argumentum — noun (plural argumenta) Etymology: Latin Date: 1550 argument 3b …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • argumentum — /ahr gyeuh men teuhm/, n., pl. argumenta / teuh/. argument (def. 3). [ < L] * * * …   Universalium

  • argumentum — ar·gu·men·tum …   English syllables

  • argumentum — ar•gu•men•tum [[t]ˌɑr gyəˈmɛn təm[/t]] n. pl. ta ( tə). Etymology: < L …   From formal English to slang

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