Generally, any fallacy or error in reasoning. In Kant, the four paralogisms of pure reason attempt to show (i) that the soul is a substance; (ii) that it is not an aggregate, but simple; (iii) that it is one and the same subject at different times; and (iv) that it is conscious of the existence of itself only, and of other things only as representations. These are examples of reasoning beyond the bounds of possible experience, and result (especially in Descartes and the rationalists ) from misinterpreting what is given by ‘I think’. That Descartes misunderstood this had been charged before, notably by Gassendi and Lichtenberg, but Kant is credited with the definitive treatment.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • paralogism — PARALOGÍSM, paralogisme, s.n. Raţionament fals făcut din neştiinţă, fără intenţia de a induce în eroare. – Din fr. paralogisme. Trimis de laurap, 26.11.2002. Sursa: DEX 98  paralogísm s. n., pl. paralogísme Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa:… …   Dicționar Român

  • Paralogism — Pa*ral o*gism, n. [Gr. paralogismo s, fr. paralogi zesqai to reason falsely; para beside + logi zesqai to reason, lo gos discourse, reason: cf. F. paralogisme.] (Logic) A reasoning which is false in point of form, that is, which is contrary to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • paralogism — index fallacy, non sequitur Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • paralogism — [pə ral′ə jiz΄əm] n. [MFr paralogisme < LL paralogismus < Gr paralogismos < paralogizesthai, to reason illogically < para , beyond (see PARA 1) + logizesthai, to reason < logos, a discourse, reason: see LOGIC] reasoning contrary to …   English World dictionary

  • paralogism — noun /pəˈɹalədʒɪzəm/ A fallacious argument or illogical conclusion, especially one committed by mistake, or believed by the speaker to be logical. Which is a Paralogism not admittible; a fallacy that dwels not in a cloud, and needs not the Sun to …   Wiktionary

  • paralogism — noun Etymology: Middle French paralogisme, from Late Latin paralogismus, from Greek paralogismos, from paralogos unreasonable, from para + logos speech, reason more at legend Date: 1565 a fallacious argument …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • paralogism — paralogist, n. paralogistic, adj. /peuh ral euh jiz euhm/, n. Logic. 1. argument violating principles of valid reasoning. 2. a conclusion reached through such argument. [1555 65; < LL paralogismus < Gk paralogismós. See PARA 1, LOGO , ISM] * * * …   Universalium

  • paralogism — pa·ral·o·gism (pə ralґo jiz əm) the use of fallacious, meaningless, or illogical thought or language, primarily characteristic of schizophrenia …   Medical dictionary

  • paralogism — Synonyms and related words: Aristotelian sorites, Goclenian sorites, argument, argument by analogy, argumentum ad baculum, argumentum ad captandum, argumentum ad hominem, bad case, begging the question, categorical syllogism, circular argument,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • paralogísm — s. n., pl. paralogísme …   Romanian orthography

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