- open society/closed society
- Contrast made famous in the works of Popper, particularly The Open Society and its Enemies (1945). Open societies are those in which the actions of individuals can be freely assessed and monitored, and subjected to criticism in liberal and democratic debate. They thus change by ‘piecemeal social engineering’. In a closed society these normal processes of change are replaced by the inefficient command structures of totalitarian government.
Philosophy dictionary. Academic. 2011.
Look at other dictionaries:
Open and closed systems in social science — Ludwig Bertalanffy describes two types of systems: open systems and closed systems. The open systems are systems that allow interactions between its internal elements and the environment. An open system is defined as a “system in exchange of… … Wikipedia
closed society — See open societies and closed societies … Dictionary of sociology
society — n. group, association 1) to establish, found, set up a society 2) to disband, dissolve a society 3) a burial; historical; honor; humane; learned; literary; medical; musical; secret society 4) a friendly (BE), mutual aid (AE) society 5) a building … Combinatory dictionary
Open source software — (OSS) began as a marketing campaign for free software [cite web archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20060423094434/www.opensource.org/advocacy/faq.html title=Frequently Asked Questions |publisher=Open Source Initiative archivedate=2006 04 23… … Wikipedia
Open source software security — is the measure of assurance or guarantee in the freedom from danger and risk inherent to an open source software system. Contents 1 The debate 1.1 Benefits of open source security 1.2 Drawbacks of open source security … Wikipedia
closed — S3 [kləuzd US klouzd] adj 1.) not open = ↑shut ≠ ↑open ▪ Make sure all the windows are closed. ▪ She kept her eyes tightly closed. 2.) [not before noun] if a shop, public building etc is closed, it is not open and people cannot enter or use it =… … Dictionary of contemporary English
closed — [klōzd] adj. 1. not open; shut [a closed door] 2. covered over or enclosed [a closed wagon] 3. functioning independently; self sufficient [a closed economic system] 4. not receptive to new or different ideas [a closed mind] 5 … English World dictionary
closed — [ klouzd ] adjective ** ▸ 1 covering passage/hole ▸ 2 not doing business ▸ 3 not allowed to everyone ▸ 4 not considering ideas ▸ 5 with fixed number of something ▸ 6 forming complete circle ▸ + PHRASES 1. ) if a door, window, lid, etc. is closed … Usage of the words and phrases in modern English
Open society — Liberalism … Wikipedia
Open source — This article is about the production and development model. For its application to software, see Open source software. For the form of intelligence collection management, see Open source intelligence. For other uses, see Open source… … Wikipedia