(Skt., logical analysis) One of the six orthodox Hindu schools (darshanas ). The Nyaya (or, in its alliance with Hindu metaphysics of nature, the Nyaya–Vaisheshika ) school concentrates upon our knowledge of reality. Perception, inference, analogy, and testimony are distinguished as the four ways of knowing things. Nyaya generally tends towards a realist metaphysics, and anticipates many later western concerns, for instance with the problem of distinguishing true from misleading perceptions, with induction, and the nature of knowledge via testimony. The earliest text of the school is the Nyayasutra of the 2nd century AD, which was the subject of commentary in the succeeding period. Around 1200 the school of Navyanyaya or new logic was formed, mainly through the work of the logician Gangesa, and the school changed direction from epistemological to more formal concerns.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Nyaya — (Sanskrit: Regel, Methode, Analyse) ist eines der sechs orthodoxen Systeme der indischen Philosophie. Das Nyaya setzt sich vorrangig mit den Themengebieten Epistemologie und Logik auseinander, und legte innerhalb dieses Rahmens einige Standards… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nyaya — Nyâya Religions Védisme Brahmanisme Hindouisme Ajîvika Jaïnisme …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nyâya — Nyāya est la sixième et dernière école « orthodoxe » (sanskrit en devanāgarī: न्याय; signifie: la « méthode », le « système » ou la « règle »)[1], sans doute fondée par le brahmane Akshapāda Gautama, est… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • NYAYA — NY YA L’un des darshanas de la tradition brahmanique, celui qui correspond à la logique. Cette tradition, en effet, répartit la matière des spéculations philosophiques visant à l’interpréter en six approches possibles, qu’elle nomme darshanas… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Nyaya —   [Sanskrit »Regel«, »Prinzip«, »Methode«] der, , das System der Logik, eines der sechs Systeme der klassischen indischen Philosophie, das im 2. Jahrhundert n. Chr. von einem Handbuch für Disputationsregeln ausging, in das Elemente einer… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • nyaya — NYÁYA s.f. Şcoală filozofică indiană, potrivit căreia lumea există obiectiv şi se compune din atomi necreaţi de divinitate, pe care aceasta numai îi combină. [< sanscr. nyaya – temei, metodă]. Trimis de LauraGellner, 24.06.2005. Sursa: DN … …   Dicționar Român

  • Nyaya — Part of a series on Hindu philosophy …   Wikipedia

  • Nyaya — /nyah yeuh/, n. (in ancient India) a philosophical school emphasizing logical analysis of knowledge, which is considered as deriving from perception, inference, analogy, and reliable testimony. [ < Skt nyaya] * * * One of the six darshans… …   Universalium

  • nyaya — ˈnyäyə noun ( s) Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: Sanskrit nyāya rule, model, maxim, logic, from ni down, back (i.e., to an original model) + eti he goes more at nether, issue …   Useful english dictionary

  • Nyāya — El niaiá es uno de los seis darshana o doctrinas ortodoxas (astika) hinduistas. न्याय, en escritura devánagari. nyāya, en el sistema IAST de transliteración sánscrita. Pronunciación: niaiá.[1] Etimología: deriva de la raíz sánscrita ní, que… …   Wikipedia Español

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