A common but potentially misleading title for projectivist, expressivist, emotive, or prescriptive theories of ethics. A state of mind is non-cognitive if it involves no cognition or knowledge of any kind. A pure example might be a sensation such as a tickle, or a mood such as elation. Doctrines such as expressivism deny that ethical commitments represent features in their objects; instead they express attitudes of their possessors. Hence, it is supposed, there is nothing ethical to know, for knowledge aims to track or represent independent truths about things. This justifies labelling such doctrines as non-cognitive. But the question whether such views can tolerate or explain ordinary claims to ethical knowledge should not be prejudged. Someone claiming to know that killing innocents is wrong may be interpreted quite charitably by the expressivist; roughly, they hold the attitude condemning killing innocents, and they are confident that no improvement in their natures would undermine this. See also quasi-realism.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Non-cognitivism — This article is about the meta ethical theory. For non cognitivism regarding religious language, see theological noncognitivism. Non cognitivism is the meta ethical view that ethical sentences do not express propositions and thus cannot be true… …   Wikipedia

  • non-cognitive — non cognitivism …   Philosophy dictionary

  • non-cognitivists — non cognitivism …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Cognitivism (ethics) — Cognitivism is the meta ethical view that ethical sentences express propositions and can therefore be true or false (they are truth apt), which noncognitivists deny.[1] Cognitivism is so broad a thesis that it encompasses (among other views)… …   Wikipedia

  • Non — cognitivism the meta ethical view that moral statements do not assert propositions i.e. they do not express factual claims or beliefs and therefore lack truth value. This view should be distinguished from moral realism, skepticism, subjectivism,… …   Mini philosophy glossary

  • Cognitivism (psychology) — For other uses, see Cognitivism (disambiguation). Psychology …   Wikipedia

  • Ethical non-naturalism — is the meta ethical view which claims that: Ethical sentences express propositions. Some such propositions are true. Those propositions are made true by objective features of the world, independent of human opinion. These moral features of the… …   Wikipedia

  • noncognitivism — non·cognitivism …   English syllables

  • Meta-ethics — In philosophy, meta ethics is the branch of ethics that seeks to understand the nature of ethical properties, statements, attitudes, and judgments. Meta ethics is one of the three branches of ethics generally recognized by philosophers, the… …   Wikipedia

  • Moral nihilism — This article is about the meta ethical position. For other uses, see Nihilism (disambiguation). Moral nihilism (also known as ethical nihilism or amoralism) is the meta ethical view that nothing is moral or immoral. For example, a moral nihilist… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.