model

1.
A model for a set of sentences is an interpretation under which they are all true.
2.
(science) A representation of one system by another, usually more familiar, whose workings are supposed analogous to that of the first. Thus one might model the behaviour of sound waves upon that of waves in water, or the behaviour of a gas upon that of a volume containing moving billiard balls. Whilst nobody doubts that models have a useful heuristic role in science, there has been intense debate over whether a good explanation of some phenomenon needs a model, or whether an organized structure of laws from which it can be deduced suffices for scientific explanation. The debate was inaugurated by Duhem in his The Aim and Structure of Physical Theory (1906), which attacked the ‘shallow’ pictorial imaginings of British physicists, contrasting them with the pure deductive structures of proper science.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

Synonyms:

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  • Model 2A — Model 2 Le Model 2 est un système de jeu vidéo destiné aux salles d arcade, commercialisé par Sega en 1993. Sommaire 1 Description 2 Spécifications techniques 2.1 Model 2 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Model 2B — Model 2 Le Model 2 est un système de jeu vidéo destiné aux salles d arcade, commercialisé par Sega en 1993. Sommaire 1 Description 2 Spécifications techniques 2.1 Model 2 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Model 2C — Model 2 Le Model 2 est un système de jeu vidéo destiné aux salles d arcade, commercialisé par Sega en 1993. Sommaire 1 Description 2 Spécifications techniques 2.1 Model 2 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • model — mod‧el [ˈmɒdl ǁ ˈmɑːdl] noun 1. [countable] a particular type or design of a vehicle or machine: • the cheapest model in the Volkswagen range • Our photocopier is the latest model. see also brand1, make2 …   Financial and business terms

  • Model — Mod el, n. [F. mod[ e]le, It. modello, fr. (assumed) L. modellus, fr. modulus a small measure, dim. of modus. See {Mode}, and cf. {Module}.] 1. A miniature representation of a thing, with the several parts in due proportion; sometimes, a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Model S — Un prototype de Model S Constructeur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • model — [mäd′ l] n. [Fr modèle < It modello, dim. of modo < L modus,MODE] 1. a) a small copy or imitation of an existing object, as a ship, building, etc., made to scale b) a preliminary representation of something, serving as the plan from which… …   English World dictionary

  • model — n Model, example, pattern, exemplar, ideal, standard, beau ideal, mirror are comparable when they denote something set or held before one for guidance or imitation in conduct or endeavor. Model applies to a person or thing set before one for… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • MODEL (L.) — Lisette MODEL 1906 1983 Inscrite dans l’histoire de la photographie, une seule image suffit à situer Lisette Model. Née à Vienne en 1906, d’une mère française et d’un père austro italien, cette femme photographe se promène sur la plage de Coney… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • model — I {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż III, D. u; lm D. i {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} wzór do naśladowania, schemat, według którego coś ma być wykonane, zrobiony w odpowiedniej skali, charakteryzujący wygląd… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • model — MODÉL, modele, s.n. 1. Ceea ce poate servi ca orientare pentru reproduceri sau imitaţii; tipar. ♦ Reprezentare în mic a unui obiect; machetă. ♦ Tipul unui obiect confecţionat. Model de pălărie. ♦ Obiect care, imprimat într un material plastic,… …   Dicționar Român

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