Malebranche, Nicolas

Malebranche, Nicolas
French Cartesian philosopher. Malebranche was born in Paris and educated in philosophy and theology at the Sorbonne. Deeply impressed by the philosophy of Descartes, he produced in 1674 and 1675 the two volumes of De la recherche de la vérité (‘On the Search for Truth’). In this work Malebranche expounds and develops many of the views of Descartes, but his own originality is apparent in two main areas. He inherits the Cartesian view that pure sensation has no representative power, and so adds the doctrine that knowledge of objects requires other representative ideas that are somehow surrogates for external objects. These are archetypes or ideas of objects as they exist in the mind of God, so that ‘we see all things in God’. Berkeley (Three Dialogues, ii. 43) takes care to distinguish himself from Malebranche, whose doctrine might sound similar. The point was the subject of acrimonious debate with Arnauld . The other doctrine for which he is remembered is the denial of causal efficacy to bodies. Like Islamic occasionalists such as Al-Ghazali, Malebranche reserves causal power to God. On both the denial of empirical causation, and the nature of the soul, there is much in common between his philosophy and that of Hume, who always refers to him with respect. Malebranche defended his system further in the Entretiens sur la métaphysique et sur la religion (1688, trs. as Dialogues on Metaphysics and Religion, 1923).

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Malebranche, Nicolas — • A philosopher and theologian, priest of the Oratory of St. Philip Neri; b. at Paris, 6 Aug., 1638; d. 13 Oct 1715 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Malebranche, Nicolas — ▪ French priest born Aug. 6, 1638, Paris, France died Oct. 13, 1715, Paris  French Roman Catholic priest, theologian, and major philosopher of Cartesianism, the school of philosophy arising from the work of René Descartes. His philosophy sought… …   Universalium

  • Malebranche, Nicolas — (1638 1715)    philosopher, theologian    Born in paris, Nicolas Malebranche, who developed the metaphysical theory of occasionalism, studied philosophy and theology at the Collège de la Marche and at the sorbonne. In 1660, he entered the… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Malebranche, Nicolas — (1638 1715)    Long under appreciated in the English speaking world, Malebranche was an innovative French philosopher/theologian that developed an original philosophy built on the thought of Augustine and Descartes. Malebranche s chief work, The… …   Christian Philosophy

  • Malebranche, Nicolas de — born Aug. 6, 1638, Paris, France died Oct. 13, 1715, Paris French priest, theologian, and philosopher. His philosophy is an attempt to reconcile Cartesianism with the thought of St. Augustine and with Neoplatonism. Central to Malebranche s… …   Universalium

  • Malebranche, Nicolas de — ► (1638 1715) Filósofo francés. Postuló la imposibilidad de comunicar el cuerpo y el alma como no sea a través de Dios, que es como el hombre conoce las cosas. Elaboró la que se considera la primera teoría moderna de los colores. Escribió La… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Malebranche, Nicolas — See Occasionalism …   History of philosophy

  • Мальбранш Николя де / Malebranche, Nicolas de — (1638 1715). Мальбранш отказался от интеракционизма Декарта в пользу окказионализма. Согласно окказионалистской доктрине, одно событие не является причиной другого, но только поводом для Бога причины всех вещей заставить произойти это другое… …   Психологическая энциклопедия

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  • Malebranche — Malebranche, Nicolas de …   Enciclopedia Universal

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