Anselm, St

Anselm, St
Medieval philosopher and theologian. Born in Aosta in Northern Italy, Anselm became a Benedictine, and was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1093, although he spent many of the following years in exile. He staunchly defended the rights of the Church, and in theology the rights of reason, which he saw as a buttress to faith rather than a source of scepticism. His two principal theological treatises are the Monologion (‘Soliloquy’) and the Proslogion (‘Discourse’). The former contains versions of the cosmological argument and argument from the existence of goodness to the existence of a supreme good. The latter contains the famous ontological argument for the existence of God. Anselm also wrote many dialogues concerned with particular problems in logic and theology: De Veritate (‘Of truth’), De Libertate Arbitrii (‘Of free choice’), and De Grammatico contain linguistic and analytical investigations that justify his claim to be the father of scholastic philosophy. His Cur Deus Homo (‘Why was God man?’) interprets the atonement in terms of satisfaction due to the outraged majesty of God, which remains one of the main competing explanations available to Christian theology.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Anselm — Anselm, St …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Anselm's — Anselm, St …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Anselm — (Ursprung Anshelm) ist ein alter deutscher männlicher Vorname. Die weibliche Form ist Anselma. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Bedeutung und Herkunft 2 Namenstag 3 Varianten 4 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Anselm — may refer to any of several historical figures or their works:*Saint Anselm, 8th century Abbot of Nonantula *Anselm II, Archbishop of Milan (died 896) *Anselm of Liège (1008 1056), chronicler *Anselm III, Archbishop of Milan (died 1093) *Saint… …   Wikipedia

  • Anselm, St. [1] — Anselm, St., Erzbischof von Canterbury, geb. 1033 zu Aosta in Piemont, ging nach dem Tode seiner Mutter als 16jähriger Jüngling in das Kloster Bec in der Normandie, wo er sich solche Achtung erwarb, daß er zuerst Prior und endlich Abt wurde. Der… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Anselm — Anselm, so v.w. Anselmus …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Anselm — von Canterbury, Theolog, geb. 1033 zu Aosta in Piemont, seit 1093 Erzbischof von Canterbury, gest. 21. April (Gedächtnistag) 1109, später heilig gesprochen, Doctor ecclesiae, Begründer der scholastischen Theologie, als philos. Beweisführung für… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Anselm, St. [2] — Anselm, St., von Lucca, weil er dort seinem eben so genannten Oheim, dem spätern Papst Alexander II. auf dem bischöflichen Stuhle folgte, war einer der eifrigsten und tüchtigsten Gehilfen Gregors VII. in seinem weltgeschichtlichen Kampfe; er st.… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Anselm — masc. proper name, from L. Anselmus, from O.H.G. Ansehelm, lit. having a divine helmet, from ansi god (see ASGARD (Cf. Asgard)) + helm (see HELM (Cf. helm)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Anselm — Ànselm DEFINICIJA 1. v. 2. (10. st.), ninski svetac Asel (sanctus Asellus) ONOMASTIKA m. os. ime (germanskoga podrijetla), zast. rij.; isto: Ansélmo (← tal.) …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Anselm — [an′selm΄] Saint (1033 1109); theologian, philosopher, & archbishop of Canterbury (1093 1109), born in Italy: his day is April 21 …   English World dictionary

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