- One of the three heterodox darshanas or branches of Hinduism. Jainism traces its origins to Vardhamana, a successor to twenty-three previous ‘fordmakers’, or teachers who enabled the faithful to cross the stream leading to release from the cycle of existence. Its practice demands a monastic life of extreme austerity; for example, one sect is the Digambara or ‘sky-clad’, perhaps identical with the gymnosophists (Gk., naked + wisdom) reported by the companions of Alexander on his conquest of Northern India, who practise nudism. The Buddha practised Jain asceticism before realizing that it did not in itself contain the key to the radiant release from the cares of the world that he was seeking.
Philosophy dictionary. Academic. 2011.
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Jainism — Jainism, traditionally known as Jain Dharma / Shraman Dharma (जैन धर्म) is an ancient religion of India. Jains are a small but influential religious minority with at least 10 million followers in modern India, [ [http://www.censusindia.gov.in… … Wikipedia
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Jainism — Jain ism, n. The heterodox Hindu religion, founded in the 6th century as a revolt against Hinduism; its most striking features are the exaltation of saints or holy mortals, called jins, above the ordinary Hindu gods, and the denial of a supreme… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Jainism — 1858, from JAIN (Cf. Jain) + ISM (Cf. ism). Jainist is attested from 1816 … Etymology dictionary
Jainism — ► NOUN ▪ an Indian religion founded in the 6th century BC, characterized by non violence and asceticism. DERIVATIVES Jainist noun … English terms dictionary
Jainism — [jīn′iz΄əm] n. a religion of India, founded in the 6th cent. B.C.: it emphasizes asceticism, nonviolence, and reverence for all living things … English World dictionary
Jainism — /juy niz euhm/, n. a dualistic religion founded in the 6th century B.C. as a revolt against current Hinduism and emphasizing the perfectibility of human nature and liberation of the soul, esp. through asceticism and nonviolence toward all living… … Universalium
Jainism — The name Jain derives from jina (victory); Jainism is thus the religion of the “victorious one” any human being who by his or her own effort has conquered the lower passions and thus become free of attachments to things. Most Jains believe… … Encyclopedia of Hinduism
Jainism — According to tradition, Mahavira, the founder of the Jain religion, was born in the state of Bihar in India in 599 BC. Jainism therefore has as great a claim to antiquity as Buddhism and there are similarities between the two religions.… … Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture