- illocutionary act
- (illocutionary force )Term introduced by J. L. Austin, in his book How to Do Things with Words, for an act done in uttering what one does. Thus in saying ‘I promise’ in suitable circumstances I make a promise; in saying ‘Hooray!’ I cheer you on, and so forth. The illocutionary act is distinguished from anything effected by the utterance (its perlocutionary force): it makes no difference to the fact that I promised or cheered whether you believe my promise or are heartened at my cheering. Austin alerted philosophers to the possibility that certain terms might be treated illocutionarily. For example, in saying ‘I know that p ’ I give you my word that p . It may well be that this insight sheds a different light on the traditional problems of defining knowledge, which assume that knowledge is a special state, described by one who says truly that she knows that p . See also speech acts.
Philosophy dictionary. Academic. 2011.
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Illocutionary act — is a technical term introduced by John L. Austin in investigations concerning what he calls performative and constative utterances . According to Austin s original exposition in How to Do Things With Words , an illocutionary act is an act (1) for … Wikipedia
illocutionary acts — illocutionary act … Philosophy dictionary
illocutionary — illocution, n. /il euh kyooh sheuh ner ee/, adj. Philos., Ling. pertaining to a linguistic act performed by a speaker in producing an utterance, as suggesting, warning, promising, or requesting. Cf. locutionary, perlocutionary. [1950 55; IL 1 +… … Universalium
illocutionary — adj. pertaining to linguistic act carried out by a speaker in producing an expression … English contemporary dictionary
Speech act — For the US Act, see SPEECH Act of 2010. Speech Act is a technical term in linguistics and the philosophy of language. The contemporary use of the term goes back to John L. Austin s doctrine of locutionary, illocutionary, and perlocutionary acts.… … Wikipedia
Locutionary act — In Linguistics and the Philosophy of mind, a locutionary act is the performance of an utterance, and hence of a speech act. The term equally refers to the surface meaning of an utterance because, according to Austin s posthumous How To Do Things… … Wikipedia
Perlocutionary act — A perlocutionary act (or perlocutionary effect) is a speech act, as viewed at the level of its psychological consequences , such as persuading, convincing, scaring, enlightening, inspiring, or otherwise getting someone to do or realize something … Wikipedia
speech act — noun Any of illocutionary acts, locutionary acts and perlocutionary acts … Wiktionary
John Searle — Infobox Philosopher region = Western Philosophy era = Contemporary philosophy color = #B0C4DE image caption = name = John Rogers Searle birth = July 31, 1932 (age 76) death = school tradition = Analytic notable ideas = Speech acts· Chinese room… … Wikipedia
semantics — semanticist /si man teuh sist/, semantician /see man tish euhn/, n. /si man tiks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) 1. Ling. a. the study of meaning. b. the study of linguistic development by classifying and examining changes in meaning and form. 2.… … Universalium