French philosopher and writer. Educated at the Benedictine convent of Argenteuil and intellectually renowned from an early age, Héloïse was tutored privately by Abelard, who seduced her (apparently with some violence) and made her pregnant. Against her will she married Abelard secretly, and returned with the child Astralabe to the home of her uncle, Fulbert, but when Fulbert made the marriage public she was ordered by Abelard to take the veil. Angry at the denial of the marriage, Fulbert had Abelard castrated (sympathy with Abelard's fate tends to disguise the fact that he played a rather shoddy part in the affair). Héloïse became abbess and prioress of the Paraclete house, a nunnery. Her writings include the Problemata Heloissae, a set of philosophical questions addressed to Abelard. The letters between her and Abelard purport to have begun after Abelard had written the Historia Calamitatum Abaelardi . They were published in 1616 and testify to Héloïse's deep moral learning, as well as her passion for Abelard; unfortunately, however, they are sometimes regarded as forgeries written by Abelard.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • HÉLOÏSE — (1101 1164) Née au début du XIIe siècle, Héloïse passe son enfance et son adolescence au couvent d’Argenteuil puis à Paris, chez le chanoine Fulbert, son oncle; elle est l’élève, puis devient la maîtresse d’Abélard (dont elle a un fils, nommé… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Heloise — bezeichnet: Heloisa, Ehefrau des Peter Abaelard Julie oder Die neue Heloise, Briefroman von Rousseau (1761). Titelanspielung auf Abälard und Héloïse. Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mi …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Heloïse — Heloïse, die Geliebte Peter Abälards (s. d.). – Die neue H. (»La nouvelle Héloïse«), franz. Roman in Form eines Briefwechsels (1761), von Jean Jacques Rousseau (s. d.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Héloïse — f French: variant of ÉLOISE (SEE Éloise), which enjoyed a revival of popularity in the 18th century after publication of Rousseau s philosophical novel La Nouvelle Héloïse (1761) …   First names dictionary

  • Héloise —   [elɔ iːz], französische Nonne, * Paris 1101, ✝ Kloster Le Paraclet (bei Nogent sur Seine) 1164; Schülerin, Geliebte und heimliche Gemahlin des Abaelardus; nach dem unglücklich verlaufenen Liebesverhältnis wurde sie Äbtissin des Klosters Le… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Heloise — Heloise, geb. 1105, Nichte des Canonicus Fulbert, liebte u. heirathete insgeheim Abälard, den ihr Oheim deshalb entmannen ließ. Beide Gatten gingen hierauf ins Kloster, u. H. war Anfangs Priorin in Argenteuil, dann erste Äbtissin in Paraclet; sie …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Heloise — Heloise, s. Abälard …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Heloise — Heloise, siehe Abaillard …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Heloise — Heloise, s. Abälard …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Heloise — [hel΄ō ēz′, hel′ō ēz΄] n. a feminine name: see ELOISE …   English World dictionary

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