foundationalism
The view in epistemology that knowledge must be regarded as a structure raised upon secure, certain foundations. These are found in some combination of experience and reason, with different schools ( empiricism, rationalism ) emphasizing the role of one over that of the other. Foundationalism was associated with the ancient Stoics, and in the modern era with Descartes, who discovered his foundations in the ‘clear and distinct’ ideas of reason. Its main opponent is coherentism, or the view that a body of propositions may be known without a foundation in certainty, but by their interlocking strength, rather as a crossword puzzle may be known to have been solved correctly even if each answer, taken individually, admits of uncertainty. See also coherence theory of truth, Neurath's boat, protocol statements.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • foundationalism — In epistemology, the view that some beliefs can justifiably be held directly (e.g., on the basis of sense perception or rational intuition) and not by inference from other justified beliefs. Other types of beliefs (e.g., beliefs about material… …   Universalium

  • foundationalism — noun The doctrine that beliefs derive justification from certain basic beliefs See Also: foundationalist …   Wiktionary

  • Foundationalism — any justification or knowledge theory in epistemology that holds that beliefs are justified (known) when they are based on basic beliefs (also called foundational beliefs). Basic beliefs are beliefs that are self justifying or self evident, and… …   Mini philosophy glossary

  • foundationalism — / fundamentalist  Фундаментализм1,2 …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • Anti-foundationalism — (also called nonfoundationalism) as the name implies, is a term applied to any philosophy which rejects a foundationalist approach, i.e. an anti foundationalist is one who does not believe that there is some fundamental belief or principle which… …   Wikipedia

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