Foucher, Simon
(1644–1696)
French critic of Cartesianism . Born in Dijon, Foucher was educated at the Sorbonne, and became a canon of the Cathedral of Dijon, although he spent his life in Paris. He was a friend of Leibniz, whose responses to Foucher's questions provide some of the best statements of his philosophy. Foucher was a sceptic, and one of the principal 17th-century critics of both Descartes and Malebranche . His criticism of the former is retailed admiringly by Bayle in his Dictionary article on Pyrrho: ‘For if the objects of our senses appear coloured, hot, cold, odoriferous, and yet they are not so, why can they not appear extended and shaped, in rest and in motion, though they are not so?’ He was possibly the first philosopher to see that once mind is separated from the world as it is in Cartesian theory, problems of causal interaction and knowledge become insuperable, and he opened the door both to the scepticism of Bayle, and the subjective idealism of Berkeley . His principal work was the Dissertation sur la recherche de la vérité, 1673.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Foucher, Simon — ▪ French philosopher born March 1, 1644, Dijon, Fr. died April 27, 1696, Paris       ecclesiastic and critical philosopher of the Cartesian school, the first to publish criticisms of the philosophical theories of Nicolas Malebranche. In Critique… …   Universalium

  • Foucher — Foucher, Simon …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Foucher — is a surname, and may refer to:* Alfred A. Foucher * André Foucher * Louis Charles Foucher * Simon Foucheree also* Fouché …   Wikipedia

  • Simon Foucher — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Foucher. Simon Foucher (1er mars 1644, Dijon 27 avril 1696, Paris), abbé, chanoine de Dijon, philosophe français. Il était lié avec les savants et les philosophes les plus distingués de son temps: Gilles… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Simon Foucher — (1 March 1644 27 April 1696) was a French polemicCite book |last= Taleb |first= Nassim Nicholas |authorlink= Nassim Nicholas Taleb |title= |chapter= The Ludic Fallacy, or The Uncertainty of the Nerd |publisher= Random House |isbn= 978 1400063512… …   Wikipedia

  • Simón Sarlat Nova — Gobernador Interino de Tabasco 1 de diciembre de 1873 – 1 de abril de 1874 Predecesor …   Wikipedia Español

  • Foucher — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom.  Pour l’article homophone, voir Fouché. Patronyme Foucher est un nom de famille notamment porté par : Simon Foucher (1644 1696), philosophe… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Renaissance philosophy outside Italy — Stuart Brown Italy might justly be described as the home of Renaissance philosophy. Many of the important cultural developments of the period originated in Italy and only gradually spread north and west to other countries. But each of the other… …   History of philosophy

  • Cartesianism — See Cartesian. * * * Philosophical tradition derived from the philosophy of René Descartes. A form of rationalism, Cartesianism upholds a metaphysical dualism of two finite substances, mind and matter. The essence of mind is thinking; the essence …   Universalium

  • occasionalism — occasionalist, n. occasionalistic, adj. /euh kay zheuh nl iz euhm/, n. Philos. a theory that there is no natural interaction between mind and matter, but that God makes mental events correspond to physical perceptions and actions. [1835 45;… …   Universalium

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