alienation
A pivotal concept in the philosophical writings of Hegel, Feuerbach and Marx, and subsequent writings in both idealist and Marxist traditions. Alienation (German Entfremdung, also translatable as estrangement) is centrally the idea of something being separated from or strange to something else: I am self-alienated in so far as I cannot understand or accept myself; thought is alienated from reality in so far as it inadequately reflects it; I am alienated from my desires in so far as they are not authentically my own, but assail me as it were from without; I am alienated from the results of my labour in so far as they become commodities ; and I may be alienated from my society in so far as I feel controlled by it, rather than part of a social unity that creates it. In Hegel the progress towards the Absolute is one of the growth of self-consciousness, itself a process of ‘dealienation’ whereby what is separate and falsely objectified regains its unity through self-creation and self-consciousness (although finite minds, the agency of this growth, alienate themselves in activity and in the ‘objectification’ of their material and social products). In Feuerbach, by contrast, the absolutist trappings of Hegelian alienation are abandoned, and the concept is replaced by self-alienation, a condition to be overcome by the self-consciousness that proper relations with our own activities and products brings. Marx's use of the concept is sometimes thought to separate his early, Hegelian, period from the later writings, but there seems little doubt about his permanent attachment to the idea of a human nature as self-alienated so long as the communist transformation of society has not taken place. See also anomie , authenticity, Dasein , false consciousness.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • ALIÉNATION — Le mot «aliénation» est, aujourd’hui, en langue française, un mot malade. Il souffre de cette affection que certains lexicologues appellent «surcharge sémantique»: à force de signifier trop, il risque de ne plus rien signifier du tout. La… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Alienation — Aliénation Dessin de Francisco Goya Le terme aliénation, à l origine terme juridique, servira par la suite à désigner la dépossession de l individu et sa perte de maitrise de ses forces propres au profit de puissances supérieures, que celles ci s …   Wikipédia en Français

  • alienation — I (estrangement) noun abhorrence, abomination, acrimony, alienatio, animosity, antagonism, antipathy, aversion, bitterness, breach, break, deflection, disaffection, disfavor, disruption, division, enmity, execration, hostility, implacability,… …   Law dictionary

  • Alienation — may refer to:*Alienation (property law), the legal transfer of title of ownership to another party * Alienation , the medical term for splitting apart of the faculties of the mind *Social alienation, the individual subject s estrangement from its …   Wikipedia

  • Alienation — Al ien*a tion, n. [F. ali[ e]nation, L. alienatio, fr. alienare, fr. alienare. See {Alienate}.] 1. The act of alienating, or the state of being alienated. [1913 Webster] 2. (Law) A transfer of title, or a legal conveyance of property to another.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • aliénation — ALIÉNATION. s. f. Transport de la propriété d un fonds, ou de ce qui tient lieu de fonds. Aliénation d un domaine, d une terre. [b]f♛/b] On dit, L aliénation des volontés, des esprits, pour, L éloignement que des personnes ont les unes pour les… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • alienation — Alienation. s. f. v. Il a toutes les significations de son verbe. Alienation d une terre, d un droit de meubles precieux. alienation des volontez, des esprits. alienation d esprit …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • alienation — (n.) transfer of ownership, late 14c., from O.Fr. alienacion and directly from L. alienationem (nom. alienatio) a transfer, surrender, noun of action from pp. stem of alienare (see ALIENATE (Cf. alienate)). It also meant loss or derangement of… …   Etymology dictionary

  • alienation — Alienation, Distractio, Alienatio, Abalienatio. Alienation d entendement, Alienatio mentis …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Alienation — (v. lat.), 1) Veräußerung; bes. 2) (ital. Alienamento), Verkauf vor dem Ausbruch eines Concurses; ist gesetzlich verboten (Alienationsverbot), s. u. Concurs; 3) (A. mentis, Entfremdung des Verstandes), Geistesverwirrung. In Deutschland selten, in …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Alĭenation — (lat.), Entfremdung, Entäußerung, Veräußerung, Entwendung; Alienatio mentis, Geisteszerrüttung …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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