fascism
(Lat., fasces, the bundle of rods and axe carried before Roman consuls as insignia of authority) The loose amalgam of aspirations and influences crystallized in the early 20th-century governments of Mussolini in Italy, Hitler in Germany, and General Franco in Spain. Elements include nationalism; hostility to ideals of equality; hatred of minorities, degenerates, and deviants; élitism; hostility towards the ideals of liberalism, and in particular towards freedom of expression; the cult of the charismatic leader or Übermensch ; belief in the destiny of the race; and a love of political symbolism such as uniforms and other emblems of militarism. The whole cocktail is animated by a belief in regeneration through energy and struggle.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fascism — is a totalitarian nationalist and corporatist ideology. [Heater, Derek Benjamin. 1967. Political Ideas in the Modern World. University of Michagan. Pp 41 42. [http://books.google.com/books?id=v4gFAAAAMAAJ q=fascism+%22totalitarian+nationalism%22… …   Wikipedia

  • fascism — FASCÍSM s.n. Ideologie apărută în Europa după primul război mondial, care a stat la baza unor partide de extremă dreaptă, caracterizându se prin naţionalism extremist, misticism, violenţă, demagogie socială etc.; regim politic instaurat pe baza… …   Dicționar Român

  • fascism — 1922, originally used in English 1920 in its Italian form (see FASCIST (Cf. fascist)). Applied to similar groups in Germany from 1923; applied to everyone since the rise of the Internet. A form of political behavior marked by obsessive… …   Etymology dictionary

  • fascism — fasc ism (f[a^]sh [i^]z m) n. 1. a political theory advocating an authoritarian hierarchical government; opposed to {democracy} and {liberalism}. [WordNet 1.5] 2. an authoritarian system of government under absolute control of a single dictator,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • fascism — fascism, fascist When Fowler wrote in 1926, Mussolini had not long been established in power, and the future of these words, and their Italian counterparts fascismo and fascista, was uncertain. Fowler suspended judgement on their anglicization… …   Modern English usage

  • fascism — [n] political system of dictatorship absolutism, authoritarianism, autocracy, bureaucracy, despotism, Nazism, one party system, party government, racism, regimentation, totalitarianism; concepts 299,301,689 Ant. democracy …   New thesaurus

  • fascism — ► NOUN 1) an authoritarian and nationalistic right wing system of government. 2) extreme right wing, authoritarian, or intolerant views or practice. DERIVATIVES fascist noun & adjective fascistic adjective. ORIGIN Italian fascismo, from fascio… …   English terms dictionary

  • fascism — [fash′iz΄əm] n. [It fascismo < fascio, political group < L fascis: see FASCES] 1. [F ] the doctrines, methods, or movement of the Fascisti 2. [sometimes F ] a system of government characterized by rigid one party dictatorship, forcible… …   English World dictionary

  • fascism — /fash iz euhm/, n. 1. (sometimes cap.) a governmental system led by a dictator having complete power, forcibly suppressing opposition and criticism, regimenting all industry, commerce, etc., and emphasizing an aggressive nationalism and often… …   Universalium

  • fascism —    by John Protevi   In Anti Oedipus, the pole of paranoid desire is opposed to schizophrenic or revolutionary desire. Perhaps we owe the impression that a major focus of Anti Oedipus is fascism to Michel Foucault s preface to the English… …   The Deleuze dictionary

  • fascism —    by John Protevi   In Anti Oedipus, the pole of paranoid desire is opposed to schizophrenic or revolutionary desire. Perhaps we owe the impression that a major focus of Anti Oedipus is fascism to Michel Foucault s preface to the English… …   The Deleuze dictionary

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