experience
Along with consciousness, experience is the central focus of the philosophy of mind. Experience is easily thought of as a stream of private events, known only to their possessor, and bearing at best problematic relationships to any other events, such as happenings in an external world or similar streams in other possessors. The stream makes up the conscious life of the possessor. With this picture there is a complete separation of mind and the world, and in spite of great philosophical effort the gap, once opened, proves impossible to bridge: both idealism and scepticism are common outcomes. The aim of much recent philosophy, therefore, is to articulate a less problematic conception of experience, making it objectively accessible, so that the facts about how a subject experiences the world are in principle as knowable as the facts about how the same subject digests food. A beginning on this task may be made by observing that experiences have contents: it is the world itself that they represent to us as being one way or another, and how we take the world to be is publicly manifested by our words and behaviour. My own relationship with my experience itself involves memory, recognition, and description, all of which arise from skills that are equally exercised in interpersonal transactions. Recently emphasis has also been placed on the way in which experience should be regarded as a ‘construct’, or the upshot of the workings of many cognitive sub-systems (although this idea was familiar to Kant, who thought of experience as itself synthesized by various active operations of the mind). The extent to which these moves undermine the distinction between ‘what it is like from the inside’ and how things are objectively is fiercely debated. It is also widely recognized that such developments tend to blur the line between experience and theory, making it harder to formulate traditional doctrines such as empiricism.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • EXPÉRIENCE — On peut situer principalement la notion d’expérience à l’intersection de trois domaines: la philosophie de l’esprit, la philosophie de la connaissance et la philosophie des sciences. On appelle d’abord «expériences» les états mentaux qui, comme… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • experience — ex‧pe‧ri‧ence [ɪkˈspɪəriəns ǁ ˈspɪr ] noun [uncountable] 1. knowledge or skill gained from doing a particular job: • He is a high up executive who has years of experience in advising investors • Applicants will normally have at least two years… …   Financial and business terms

  • experience — Experience, Experimentum, Documentum, Res, Experientia. Experience et sçavoir, Gnaritas. Experience apporte tousjours quelque chose de nouveau, Res semper aliquid apportat noui. Avoir experience d une chose par soymesme, Ex se agnoscere. Ayant… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • experience — EXPERIENCE. s. f. Espreuve qu on fait de quelque chose, soit à dessein, soit par hazard. Grande, curieuse, frequente experience. nouvelle experience. l experience est la maistresse des arts. je sçay cela par experience. j en ay fait l experience …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Experience — Ex*pe ri*ence ([e^]ks*p[=e] r[i^]*ens), n. [F. exp[ e]rience, L. experientia, tr. experiens, experientis, p. pr. of experiri, expertus, to try; ex out + the root of peritus experienced. See {Peril}, and cf. {Expert}.] 1. Trial, as a test or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • experience — vb Experience, undergo, sustain, suffer are comparable when they mean to pass through the process of actually coming to know or to feel. Experience means little more than this. It implies that something (as a sensation, an emotion, or an… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Experience — Ex*pe ri*ence, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Experienced} ([e^]ks*p[=e] r[i^]*enst); p. pr. & vb. n. {Experiencing} ([e^]ks*p[=e] r[i^]*en*s[i^]ng).] 1. To make practical acquaintance with; to try personally; to prove by use or trial; to have trial of; to …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Experience — Experience  английское слово опыт, а также переживание, впечатление. Experience, или экспириенс, экспа (от английского сокращения слова experience XP (экс пи))  условное обозначение достижений персонажа компьютерных игр, выраженное в… …   Википедия

  • experience — I (background) noun acquaintance, adroitness, apprenticeship, cognizance, competence, competency, cosmopolitanism, education, empiricism, enlightenment, experientia. expertise, expertness, familiarity, instruction, judgment, ken, know how,… …   Law dictionary

  • experience — [ek spir′ē əns, ikspir′ē əns] n. [ME < OFr < L experientia, trial, proof, experiment < experiens, prp. of experiri, to try, test: see PERIL] 1. the act of living through an event or events; personal involvement in or observation of… …   English World dictionary

  • Experience — bezeichnet: Experience (Album), das Debütalbum der englischen Big Beat Band The Prodigy Experience (Fahrgeschäft), ein Looping Hoch Rundfahrgeschäft Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit d …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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