Al-Ghazali, Abu Hamid Muhammad
(1059–1111)
Primarily a theologian, Al-Ghazali taught in Baghdad, but in 1095 after a breakdown abandoned academic fields for a life of contemplation. He valued the insight given by mystical comprehension of things above that achieved by logic or reason. His Self-destruction of the Philosophers is an attack on the Aristotelian doctrines of Al-Farabi and Avicenna . Generally speaking Al-Ghazali attacks the range of knowledge claimed by philosophers, particularly through a critique of knowledge of causation, about which he defends occasionalism . The certainty of his own reasoning opened him to counterattack by Averroës (The Self-destruction of the Self-destruction ). Al-Ghazali is also remembered as the author of the Revival of the Religious Sciences, an important influence on Sunnite Islam.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Al-Ghazâlî — Cet article concerne le théologien soufiste perse du XIe siècle. Pour le penseur égyptien du XXème siècle, voir Mohammed al Ghazali. Abou Ḥamid Moḥammed ibn Moḥammed al Ghazālī Philosophe musulman Moyen Âge …   Wikipédia en Français

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