Al-Ghazali, Abu Hamid Muhammad


Al-Ghazali, Abu Hamid Muhammad
(1059–1111)
Primarily a theologian, Al-Ghazali taught in Baghdad, but in 1095 after a breakdown abandoned academic fields for a life of contemplation. He valued the insight given by mystical comprehension of things above that achieved by logic or reason. His Self-destruction of the Philosophers is an attack on the Aristotelian doctrines of Al-Farabi and Avicenna . Generally speaking Al-Ghazali attacks the range of knowledge claimed by philosophers, particularly through a critique of knowledge of causation, about which he defends occasionalism . The certainty of his own reasoning opened him to counterattack by Averroës (The Self-destruction of the Self-destruction ). Al-Ghazali is also remembered as the author of the Revival of the Religious Sciences, an important influence on Sunnite Islam.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • GHAZĀLĪ, ABU ḤAMID MUḤAMMAD IBN MUḤAM-MAD AL-TŪSĪ AL-° — (1058–1111), Persian Muslim theologian, jurist, mystic, and religious reformer, who wrote mainly in Arabic. Al Ghazālī s best known work is his Iḥyā Ulūm al Dīn ( Revival of the Religious Sciences, 1096–7), in which he successfully reconciled… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • at-Tusi, Abu Hamid Muhammad ibn Muhammad — vero nome di al Ghazali …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Ghazali — (Abû Hâmid Muhammad al Gazâlî) connu sous le nom d Algazel (1058 1111), philosophe arabe. Il enseigna à l université de Bagdad, mais, après une crise mystique, il voyagea dans le Proche Orient et s installa à Damas, où il écrivit Revivification… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ghazali — Abu Hamid Muhammad ibn Muhammad al Ghazali (arabisch ‏أبو حامد محمد بن محمد الغزالي‎, DMG Abū Ḥāmid Muḥammad bin Muḥammad al Ġazālī; auch al Gazzali, lateinisch Algazel; * 1058 in Tūs bei Maschhad, heute Iran; † 1111 ebenda) war ein persischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ghazālī, al- — or al Ghazzālī in full Abū Ḥāmid Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad al Ṭūsī al Ghazālī born 1058, Ṭūs, Iran died Dec. 18, 1111, Ṭūs Muslim theologian and mystic. He studied philosophy and religion and became chief professor of the Niẓāmiyyah college in… …   Universalium

  • Muhammad — /moo ham euhd, hah meuhd/, n. 1. Also, Mohammed, Mahomet. A.D. 570 632, Arab prophet: founder of Islam. 2. Elijah (Elijah Poole), 1897 1975, U.S. clergyman: leader of the Black Muslims 1934 75. 3. a male given name. * * * I or Mohammed born с 570 …   Universalium

  • Abu — (as used in expressions) Abu al Fath Jalal al Din Muhammad Akbar Abu Ali al Husayn ibn Abd Allah ibn Sina Abu al Qasim Mansur Abu Mazen Abu Bakr Abu Dhabi Abu Zabi Abu Hanifah al Numan ibn Thabit Abu Muslim Abu Qir Bay Abu Simbel Abu Zayd Nasr… …   Universalium

  • Abu — (as used in expressions) Abu Bakr Abu Dabi Abu Zabi Abu Hanifa (al Numan ibn Thabit) Abu Muslim Abu Simbel Abu Zayd, Nasr Hamid Abu al Fath Jalal al Din Muhammad Akbar Asari, Abu al Hasan al Abu al Walid Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Rusd… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Muhammad — VER Mohamed * * * (as used in expressions) Abd Allah (ibn Muhammad al Tai ishi) Muhammad ibn Abd al Karim al KhaTTabi Abduh, Muhammad Abu al Fath Jalal al Din Muhammad Akbar Alí, Muhammad Muhammad Abd al Ra uf al Qudwah al Husayni Muhammad Abd al …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ghazālī, al- — biographical name 1058 1111 Abu Ḥāmid Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad aṭ Ṭūsī al Ghazālī Islamic jurist, theologian, & mystic …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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