equality
In social philosophy, a central but controversial ideal. In Aristotle equality of treatment is contingent upon the subjects of the treatment being equal ‘in the relevant respects’. The question of which respects are relevant gives a spectrum ranging from extreme egalitarian approaches, in which virtually nothing forfeits equality of treatment, to élitist ones, in which many things do so. Kantian ethics discerns the equal right of all human beings to treatment as ends in themselves as a foundation of all morality, but the application of this ideal is controversial, since it is unclear what counts as a departure from respect for persons as ends in themselves (persons may clearly be treated sometimes as means, as when someone is quarantined to prevent the spread of an infection, but must not be treated as mere means, or perhaps means in themselves.) In political theory the question is whether equalities of social, political, and economic situation are possible, and whether the attempt to create such equalities infringes other values such as liberty, or even undermines too many of the economic and cultural conditions for stable society.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • equality — e‧qual‧i‧ty [ɪˈkwɒlti ǁ ɪˈkwɑː ] noun [uncountable] when all people are treated in the same way and have the same opportunities: • Young women are insisting on career equality equality of • We believe in equality of opportunity ˌracial eˈquality …   Financial and business terms

  • Equality — commonly refers to the idea of equal treatment.Equality may also refer to:;Humanity * Egalitarianism, the belief that all/some people ought to be treated equally * Equality before the law * Equality of opportunity * Equality of outcome or… …   Wikipedia

  • Equality — E*qual i*ty, n.; pl. {Equalities}. [L. aequalitas, fr. aequalis equal. See {Equal}.] 1. The condition or quality of being equal; agreement in quantity or degree as compared; likeness in bulk, value, rank, properties, etc.; as, the equality of two …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • equality — equal·i·ty n: the quality or state of being equal: as a: sameness or equivalence in number, quantity, or measure b: likeness or sameness in quality, power, status, or degree Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • Equality — Equality, IL U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 721 Housing Units (2000): 333 Land area (2000): 0.900939 sq. miles (2.333421 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.900939 sq. miles (2.333421… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • equality — equality, social equality See democracy ; egalitarianism ; justice, social ; socialism …   Dictionary of sociology

  • equality — late 14c., evenness of surface, uniformity of size; c.1400, in reference to amount or number, from O.Fr. equalité (Mod.Fr. égalité, which form dates from 17c.), from L. aequalitatem (nom. aequalitas) equality, similarity, likeness (also sometimes …   Etymology dictionary

  • Equalĭty — (spr. Ikwälliti), Hauptort der Grafschaft Gallatin des Staates Illinois, am Saline Creek; Saline …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • equality — [n] similarity, balance; egalitarianism adequation, civil rights, commensurateness, coordination, correspondence, equal opportunity, equatability, equilibrium, equipoise, equivalence, evenness, fairness, fair play*, fair practice, fair shake*,… …   New thesaurus

  • equality — ► NOUN ▪ the state of being equal …   English terms dictionary

  • equality — [ē kwôl′ə tē, ēkwäl′ə tē; ikwôl′ə tē, ikwäl′ə tē] n. pl. equalities [ME equalite < OFr equalité < L aequalitas] the condition of being equal, esp. of having the same political, social, and economic rights …   English World dictionary

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