emotion
The typical human emotions include love, grief, fear, anger, joy. Each indicates a state of some kind of arousal, a state that can prompt some activities and interfere with others. These states are associated with characteristic feelings, and they have characteristic bodily expressions. Unlike moods they have objects: one grieves over some particular thing, or is angry at something. Different philosophical theories have tended to highlight one or other of these aspects of emotion. Pure arousal theory imagines a visceral reaction triggered by some event, which stands ready to be converted into one emotion or another by contextual factors. Theories based on the feel or qualia of an emotion were put forward by writers such as Hume and Kant, but the approach meets difficulty when we consider that an emotion is not a raw feel, but is identified by its motivational powers, and their function in prompting action. The characteristic expression of emotion was studied extensively by Darwin, resulting in the classic The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals (1872). In 1884 James published what became known as the James–Lange theory of emotion whose main contention is that we feel as we do in virtue of the bodily expressions and behaviour that we are prompted towards, rather than the other way round: ‘our feeling of the changes as they occur is the emotion’. Again it is not clear how such a theory would accommodate the directed, cognitive side of emotions that have a specific object, rather than being simply the experience of bodily change. Other questions concern the cultural variability of emotion, and the dependence of some emotions, but not all, on the existence of linguistically adequate modes of expression and self-interpretation.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Emotion — Emotion …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • ÉMOTION — On peut définir l’émotion comme un trouble de l’adaptation des conduites. En délimitant une catégorie précise de faits psychologiques, cette définition exclut des acceptions trop vagues du mot «émotion», comme dans l’expression une «émotion… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Emotion — Émotion Psychologie Approches et courants Psychodynamique • Humanisme • …   Wikipédia en Français

  • émotion — ÉMOTION. subs. fém. Altération, trouble, mouvement excité dans les humeurs, dans les esprits, dans l âme. J ai peur d avoir la fièvre, j ai senti quelque émotion. Il n a plus la fièvre, mais je lui trouve encore quelque émotion, de l émotion. Il… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Emotion — E*mo tion, n. [L. emovere, emotum, to remove, shake, stir up; e out + movere to move: cf. F. [ e]motion. See {Move}, and cf. {Emmove}.] A moving of the mind or soul; excitement of the feelings, whether pleasing or painful; disturbance or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Emotion — Sf Gefühl erw. fremd. Erkennbar fremd (17. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus frz. émotion, einer Ableitung von frz. émouvoir bewegen, erregen (unter formaler Anlehnung an frz. motion Bewegung ), dieses aus l. ēmovēre herausbewegen, emporwühlen , zu l …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • emotion — UK US /ɪˈməʊʃən/ noun [C or U] MARKETING ► the feelings that someone has about a product or service that can influence their decision whether to buy it or not: »Detroit automakers used color to elicit emotion to sell cars. »Advertising… …   Financial and business terms

  • Emotion — нем. [эмоцио/н], англ. [имо/ушн] émotion фр. [эмосьо/н] emozione ит. [эмоцио/нэ/] эмоция, волнение, возбуждение …   Словарь иностранных музыкальных терминов

  • émotion — Emotion нем. [эмоцио/н], англ. [имо/ушн] émotion фр. [эмосьо/н] emozione ит. [эмоцио/нэ/] эмоция, волнение, возбуждение …   Словарь иностранных музыкальных терминов

  • emotion — 1570s, a (social) moving, stirring, agitation, from M.Fr. émotion (16c.), from O.Fr. emouvoir stir up (12c.), from L. emovere move out, remove, agitate, from ex out (see EX (Cf. ex )) + movere to move (see MOVE (Cf. move)). Sense …   Etymology dictionary

  • Emotion — »Gefühl, Gemütsbewegung, seelische Erregung«: Das Fremdwort ist aus gleichbed. frz. émotion entlehnt. Das frz. Wort gehört zu émouvoir »bewegen, erregen«, das auf lat. emovere »herausbewegen, emporwühlen« (zu movere »bewegen«, vgl. ↑ Lokomotive)… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

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